Scientists in Alberta used an artificial sweetener to measure how much urine is in a pool. Pee in a pool never goes away until the pool water is replaced. Some of its compounds react with the chlorine used in swimming pools to form a brew of chemicals that irritate the nose, the lungs, and
Asthma is an inflammatory airway disease managed by medications which are delivered through inhalers. A new study published in Primary Care Respiratory Medicine showed that attaching personalized labels to inhalers promotes the use of proper technique and could lead to better health outcomes. Asthma is a disease in which there is long-term inflammation in
An American national poll found that parents who do not give their children the flu vaccine view the vaccine less positively. Public health professionals have observed that flu vaccine rates are significantly lower than national targets in the U.S, despite extensive public health efforts. A recent news article, published by the
In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the use of antivirals in children hospitalized for influenza. Rates of prescription of anti-influenza medication in children were found to be below recommended levels and varied significantly between hospitals. The recommended treatment for children hospitalized due to infection with influenza viruses, especially children with conditions which may increase
A Danish research group found that Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation during pregnancy reduced the risk of asthma and wheezing disorders in the offspring and the effect was even greater in women with lower baseline blood Omega-3 fatty acid levels. Western diet has changed in the past decades as the consumption of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty
A consultation paper proposing a risk-based approach to regulation of “self-care” products represents significant change in how cosmetics, natural health products and non-prescription drugs are regulated in Canada. Health Canada is responsible for regulation of both prescription and non-prescription (or “self-care”) products sold in Canada. Self-care products cover three categories of goods: Cosmetics, which
A new study takes a novel approach when examining the effects of cured meats on asthma symptoms, as well as determining the relationship of one’s body mass index (BMI) in regards to these factors. The results of the study identify a positive correlation between an increase in the consumption of cured meats and the severity
A Japanese research group found that a stepwise, two-dose introduction of heated egg powder from 6 months of age with extensive eczema treatment was more effective than placebo in the prevention of egg allergies in infants with higher risk. Food allergies are getting more and more common, and one of the most prevalent amongst
According to a recent comprehensive cohort study conducted in Denmark, the influenza vaccine does not increase the risk of childhood morbidity in the children of mothers who received this vaccine during pregnancy. Children exposed during the first, second or third trimester had similar rates of hospitalization as children who were not exposed to the vaccine.
A recent study published in the Journal of American Medical Association Pediatrics observed a clinically significant association between exposure to mouse allergens and an increase in asthma symptoms as well as diminished lung function. Asthma is a pervasive health concern in the United States, however, asthma tends to disproportionately affect low-income groups and minorities
Researchers clarify the factor underlying the risk for childhood obesity. Childhood obesity has become a public health crisis around the world. And with the rapid rise of childhood obesity, international organizations have conducted research on the factors underlying its risk. Past studies have linked childhood obesity to antibiotic use in infancy. However, these studies
According to a new report, antibiotic resistance is on the rise and many last line defenses are no longer effective. Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern in the modern world. The term refers to the ability of bacteria to become insensitive (resistant) to the antibiotics we use to kill them. Bacterial DNA mutates very
In a recent study published in The Lancet, researchers examine the long-term effectiveness of the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT). They determined that there are long-term benefits of early communication interventions for children with autism. Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges in communication, social and behavioural difficulties, and repeating behaviours.
Large scale nuclear disasters, such as in Fukushima and Chernobyl, have raised public concern over nuclear power and radiation exposure through medical procedures. However, most people are unaware that many household items and foods emit potentially dangerous radiation. Public concern over radiation exposure has been heightened due to nuclear reactor accidents such as those
A 2016 phase I trial explored the safety, efficacy, and practicality of joint cartilage grafts from nasal chondrocytes in the treatment of knee articular cartilage injuries. For the ten injuries treated, five were repaired completely and three were more than 50% repaired two years post-procedure with only two serious adverse events reported during the trial.
A recent study published in the journal Thorax has shown that living on a farm in childhood is associated with a lower risk of developing allergic diseases later as an adult, and strong lungs in women, compared to being brought up in an urban or rural area. There has been a sharp rise in the
A comprehensive review of scientific literature suggests a possible link between early introduction of allergenic foods and reduced likelihood of some allergies, although the evidence is not conclusive. Both popular and scientific literature have discussed the relationship between early introduction of certain foods to infant diets and the subsequent development of allergies or autoimmune
A systemic review and a meta-analysis were used to determine if brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels are altered in children with autism spectrum disorder. The combination of genetic and environmental factors is considered to be the cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Moreover, it consists of a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders, which is characterized
A new study has found that using azithromycin as a treatment method among adults for asthma attacks has a rather clinically neutral benefit. Azithromycin is defined as an antibiotic used in the treatment of infections that are bacterial in nature. Asthma is a respiratory condition which greatly affects key organs such as the lungs,
Some antipsychotic medications used to treat autism spectrum disorder in children cause weight gain. Addition of metformin to the treatment allows children to maintain their body weight but is associated with more gastrointestinal discomforts. Antipsychotic medications (risperidone and aripiprazole) that are given to children with autism spectrum disorders frequently cause weight gain and metabolic
80% of patients who believed that they were allergic to penicillin received more effective therapy after penicillin skin allergy testing. Penicillin is a common antibiotic that is used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Up to 15% of patients admitted to hospitals report that they have an alleged allergy to penicillin. While penicillin allergies
A recently published study sought to determine which of two flu vaccines would provide better community protection when administered in children. Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. The elderly, pregnant women, people with health conditions, and children are among those who are more likely to
The number of nasal allergies is increasing over time, however, asthma symptoms among adults tend to remain stable. Although past research investigating the prevalence of asthma and allergies among adult populations is relatively scant, information that does exist tends to suggest two trends: first, that asthma symptoms tend to remain stable over time, and
A recent study showed that influenza vaccine reduces stroke and heart failure-related complications in adult diabetic patients, a high-risk group for influenza-related complications. This study further justifies the strong recommendation for influenza vaccination in older adults with chronic illnesses. There is a lack of good clinical studies that measure the effectiveness of influenza vaccination
A Dutch research group compared the effect of methylphenidate hydrochloride in adults and in children with ADHD, and found that the drug induced alterations in the brain blood flow of children, but not in adults. Methylphenidate hydrochloride, sold under the brand names like Ritalin, is a commonly used medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
There is an increase in the number of heart disease or heart attack deaths during the annual flu season for people aged 65 or older. Does flu season, or, more correctly does contacting the flu, have an effect on heart conditions? Researchers from Columbia University, NY, Dept. of Environmental Health Sciences, and the New
According to a new study published in the Pediatrics journal, children who bite their nails or suck their thumbs are less likely to develop allergic sensitivities later in life. Those who have both habits have even a lower risk of developing allergies. Nail-biting and thumb-sucking are common habits among children, often seen as undesirable
An NIH-funded study reports that consumption of peanut products beginning in infancy not only prevents peanut allergy, but has no negative effects on the duration of breastfeeding or child growth and nutrition. Peanuts are one of the most common foods that trigger an allergic reaction, and is an allergy that is becoming increasingly common