Some antipsychotic medications used to treat autism spectrum disorder in children cause weight gain. Addition of metformin to the treatment allows children to maintain their body weight but is associated with more gastrointestinal discomforts.   Antipsychotic medications (risperidone and aripiprazole) that are given to children with autism spectrum disorders frequently cause weight gain and metabolic
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80% of patients who believed that they were allergic to penicillin received more effective therapy after penicillin skin allergy testing.   Penicillin is a common antibiotic that is used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Up to 15% of patients admitted to hospitals report that they have an alleged allergy to penicillin. While penicillin allergies
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A recently published study sought to determine which of two flu vaccines would provide better community protection when administered in children.   Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. The elderly, pregnant women, people with health conditions, and children are among those who are more likely to
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The number of nasal allergies is increasing over time, however, asthma symptoms among adults tend to remain stable.   Although past research investigating the prevalence of asthma and allergies among adult populations is relatively scant, information that does exist tends to suggest two trends: first, that asthma symptoms tend to remain stable over time, and
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A recent study showed that influenza vaccine reduces stroke and heart failure-related complications in adult diabetic patients, a high-risk group for influenza-related complications. This study further justifies the strong recommendation for influenza vaccination in older adults with chronic illnesses.   There is a lack of good clinical studies that measure the effectiveness of influenza vaccination
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A Dutch research group compared the effect of methylphenidate hydrochloride in adults and in children with ADHD, and found that the drug induced alterations in the brain blood flow of children, but not in adults.   Methylphenidate hydrochloride, sold under the brand names like Ritalin, is a commonly used medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
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An NIH-funded study reports that consumption of peanut products beginning in infancy not only prevents peanut allergy, but has no negative effects on the duration of breastfeeding or child growth and nutrition.   Peanuts are one of the most common foods that trigger an allergic reaction, and is an allergy that is becoming increasingly common
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A recent article published in PLoS One has found that numerous online forums promote the use of cannabis to relieve ADHD symptoms despite the fact that scientific evidence suggests it does more harm than good.   Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder that leads to hyperactivity and difficulty paying attention. Although the disorder
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Tamiflu is the current standard treatment for patients with influenza. A recent study has presented results demonstrating that treatment with Tamiflu reduces the time to relief of flu symptoms, however, increases the occurrence of nausea and vomiting. Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) is a neuraminidase inhibitor that blocks the activity of influenza virus enzymes. During the 2009 influenza
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