Many older adults experience a decrease in their cognitive and perceptual abilities. Participating in physical activities, such as martial arts, may slow this decline. Many people believe that old age is associated with a decline in cognitive function. This idea has received some scientific support, with studies finding that aging is usually associated with impairments
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Researchers in the USA recently uncovered some alarming associations between body mass index (BMI) and risk of developing heart disease. With obesity levels increasing at alarming rates, healthcare professionals and researchers alike are working hard to reverse this trend and to establish ways to deal with the many chronic health problems that stem from obesity.
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A team of researchers studied individuals with a genetic predisposition to Alzheimer’s disease in an effort to understand when memory loss begins. Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological disorder which features the degeneration of nerve cells over time and the eventual onset of dementia. Memory is one of the capacities most often affected early on in
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A ground-breaking research study has shown the utility of lab-grown pieces of gastrointestinal cancer in predicting outcomes in on-going clinical trials. Pharmaceutical companies worldwide spend billions of dollars on pre-clinical and clinical trials. Unfortunately, despite careful and painstaking research conducted at the preclinical level, the vast majority of pre-clinical leads are abandoned at some stage
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A recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine evaluated the efficacy administering the rotavirus vaccine starting at birth. Earlier vaccination may be more cost-effective and more clinically effective in low-income countries. Rotavirus disease is a contagious affliction of the gastrointestinal tract that affects babies early in life. Symptoms of the disease include
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Experts in the USA reviewed the current evidence on the impact of obesity stigma in low to middle-income countries. Obesity is a significant and growing health concern worldwide. In high-income countries such as America, Western Europe, and Australia, fatness is associated with negative traits like laziness and lack of self-control, and obesity stigma is a
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Researchers recently published an article in The Lancet Neurology discussing the difficulties facing seizure detection in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that is characterised by short repetitive epileptic seizures.  These seizures can be harmful to the individual depending on the circumstances in which they occur, such as a seizure while driving. This
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Researchers studied the efficacy of simplified cognitive behavioral therapy and pain education on pain relief in highly disadvantaged populations. Pain is an important topic in today’s medical world. It might be one of the most discussed subjects these days, and treatments are being developed from different angles. Biopharmaceutical treatments have helped, but have also caused
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A recent study explored the effects of tai chi on mild cognitive impairment and the activities of daily living in older adults. Mild cognitive impairment is characterized by mild problems in cognitive abilities such as memory, thinking and reasoning skills. People with mild cognitive impairment may also have minor difficulties carrying out instrumental activities of
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A recent study in heart disease prevention examines the relationship between plasma fatty acid levels and inflammatory biomarkers. Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which encompasses heart attacks and strokes, is the leading cause of death around the world. To address this significant health issue and the shortcomings of heart disease prevention, we need to come up with
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A study conducted in California examined whether park prescriptions could reduce stress in low-income families. Stress is called the silent killer. It is one of the primary agents triggering heart disease, cancer, and various other conditions. Approximately 77% of people in America regularly experience physical symptoms brought about by stress. Up to 62% of stress
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Researchers designed diets with reduced meat consumption that ensure optimal nutrient intake and environmental sustainability. It is well known that meat consumption, particularly in high-income countries, can contribute to chronic health issues. It is lesser known that meat consumption also has a substantial environmental impact. As much as 30% of global greenhouse gas emissions are
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Therapies that augment neurogenesis, the growth of new neurons in the brain, may eventually lead to treatments for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. A recent scientific report described the latest findings in neurogenesis research. We are capable of thinking, storing memories, and carrying out complex behaviours because of an intricate network of
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Researchers in the US recently investigated whether an infusion of vitamin C could improve the exercise capacity of patients with type 2 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes suffer from impaired cardiovascular fitness, or aerobic fitness, which is the ability of the cardiovascular system to supply oxygen-rich blood to exercising muscles. Given that cardiovascular function
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Swedish researchers sought to determine the efficacy of Facebook as a communicative rehabilitation tool for those with brain injuries. Recovering from brain trauma can be a long, arduous process that affects many facets of an individual’s life. These injuries can lead to impairments that include cognitive or physical repercussions, such as memory loss and headaches.
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Studies have shown that exercise can improve cognitive outcomes in healthy adults and those with cognitive impairment. Researchers investigated the effects of exercise on those with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and impaired glucose tolerance. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that is preceded by insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance that worsen over
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A recent study investigated whether pimavanserin, a treatment for Parkinson’s disease psychosis, could also treat Alzheimer’s disease psychosis. Of the approximate 45 million people worldwide suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, between 25-50% of these individuals will at some point also suffer from symptoms of psychosis, the most common being hallucinations and delusions. Psychosis is an impaired relationship
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Data researchers investigate the functionality of long-acting bronchodilators in COPD patient exercise and recovery. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. It affects many across the globe, especially infirmed patients that face exercise limitations for disease recovery. However, a bronchodilator, or inhaler, was thought
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Sports nutritionists determine if beetroot juice is an effective supplement to support high-intensity exercise. As the margins for increased athletic performance grow smaller and smaller, highly competitive athletes are on the continuous search for a competitive advantage. This search brings athletes to the realm of nutritional supplementation to boost their performance. However, varying levels of
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In a recent study, researchers examined the effects of amobarbital and N-acetylcysteine on post-traumatic osteoarthritis in injured joints. Injury to load-bearing joints such as the knees or ankles can result in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), a condition in which the shock-absorbing and friction-reducing joint cartilage breaks down over time. Evidence suggests that metabolic changes in cartilage-producing
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Researchers attempt to identify a therapeutic target that encourages respiratory muscle relaxation to provide asthma relief. Asthma causes respiratory problems, which can manifest as wheezing and chest tightness. It is a common affliction that affects about 10% of the US population. There has been much research focused on discovering therapeutic targets for asthma relief, such
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Individuals affected by autism often prioritize interest stimuli over social stimuli, depriving them of crucial opportunities for social learning.  New research investigates how the reward system in the brain of those with autism responds to motivational stimuli. Autism is a pervasive developmental condition characterized by difficulty with speech and nonverbal communication, sociability, and restricted and
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