For some time, scientists have believed that the hippocampus continually produces new nerve cells. A new study evaluating the dentate gyrate region of the hippocampus investigates neuronal development throughout a lifespan.   Neurons are cells that carry electrical impulses. In some mammals, new neurons are created throughout adulthood within a seahorse-shaped structure in the brain
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Researchers investigated the association between the consumption of sugary drinks and markers of conditions like diabetes and coronary heart disease. Sugary drinks are widely consumed around the world in the form of fruit drinks, artificially sweetened drinks, and sugar-sweetened drinks. These drinks have become part of a regular meal or snack for both young and
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Researchers conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis of several studies concerning the effects of exercise on those with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes contributes to the prevalence of cardiovascular disease. One way diabetes leads to cardiovascular disease is through poor vascular endothelial function. Previous research studies have suggested that exercise, a balanced diet, and
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A new study investigated the effects of drinking on treatment for depressive symptoms, as assessed by psychological functioning, stress, and sleep. Alcohol consumption can be a risky activity in patients with mental illness. Many clinicians believe that consuming alcohol could exacerbate the patient’s condition. Antidepressants, for example, are often incompatible with alcohol and the combination
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A recent randomized controlled trial looked at the effects of yoga and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for work-related stress. Work-related stress is common and often overwhelming. It may sometimes lead to a condition called “burnout”, or exhaustion syndrome. Burnout includes the inability to perform, as well as an overwhelming sense of exhaustion, with symptoms similar to
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A recent comprehensive review on the use of fMRI sought to evaluate the robustness and effectiveness of this approach for studying Alzheimer’s patients. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common neurodegenerative disorder and is characterized by the gradual loss of cognitive abilities to the point of severe dementia. Due to the complex pathophysiology of the disease,
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Researchers investigated whether lifestyle interventions were effective to prevent dementia in those with a genetic predisposition to Alzheimer’s disease. Cardiovascular and neurological diseases, such as dementia, have been linked to dysfunction of a variation of the apolipoprotein E, or APOE, gene, called the APOE ε4 allele. In fact, people who are carriers of the APOE
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A recent study investigates whether Chinese calligraphy therapy, a type of art therapy, can effectively relieve neuropsychiatric symptoms. Three out of 100 people will experience some form of a psychotic break at some time in their lives. In the US every year about 100,000 persons in the young adult and adolescents group have their first psychotic
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A recent study investigated whether increasing the consumption of fat-free milk would affect metabolic syndrome in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Favouring glycemic control and weight loss, dairy products are a great source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with the potential for reducing inflammation and oxidative stress. In particular, low-fat products such as fat-free milk
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Since treatment options for patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma are limited, researchers are investigating the effectiveness of Atezolizumab. Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of cancer affecting the urinary system. In its advanced stage, rates of survival are low, with few patients surviving longer than five years.  Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment,
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A recent study in Science Signaling investigates the role of white blood cells in the resolution of inflammation following a heart attack. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. Atherosclerosis, defined as a build-up of plaque in the arterial vessels, is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and
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A creative meta-analysis published in PLOS Medicine has weighed overall risk vs. benefit in pediatric cancer clinical trials. The Canadian Cancer Society documents that cancer causes more fatalities in children than asthma, diabetes, cystic fibrosis, and AIDS combined. Pharmaceutical companies and the global scientific community work tirelessly to reduce the mortality due to pediatric cancer.
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Researchers investigate the relationship between the treatment of diabetes mellitus and the growth of tumors in women with breast cancer. The increase in numbers of diabetes mellitus and breast cancer cases in recent years has made it important to determine whether there is a link between these two conditions. Diabetes mellitus occurs when the body
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A study in Taiwan looked at the effects of a 12-week exercise program on body fat and insulin sensitivity in overweight adolescents. Obesity is a growing global problem. Obesity is increasingly prevalent in children and adolescents. Left untreated, obesity can lead to several health problems including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes
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A study conducted on a Danish population of breast cancer patients investigates the impact of expressive writing for improved physical outcomes. Emotional expression is essential to physical well-being. While the evidence is mixed, some research indicates that repressive coping and emotional avoidance leads to the development of and a poor outcome for breast cancer. There
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