Mental Health

How does one’s willpower, or patience, to delay an outcome translate into imagining what that prospective outcome would be like? And what brain regions correspond to the imagination and willpower decisions a human makes?   Two University of California/Berkeley researchers built upon existing studies to determine that various parts of the brain are affected differently,
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An environmental research letter highlights the potential correlation between weather-related nitrous oxide levels and prenatal stress contributing to autism spectrum disorders (ASD).   Increasing global awareness of climate change piques public curiosity about human-environment interactions. Environmental effects on health are of particular interest lately, as they relate to the etiology of various disorders. Exploring this
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is typically treated with medication; however, this approach has limitations. Behavioural therapy, through the use of neurofeedback (NF) training has been shown to be of value in the treatment of ADHD for children and, when administered in conjunction with medication, may help to reduce the symptoms of ADHD observed by
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Severe mental illness (SMI) has been associated with an increased risk of mortality, attributed to cardiometabolic disease, resulting largely from the side effects of antipsychotic medications (APM) and poor diet. Dietary interventions targeting nutritional challenges faced by individuals with SMI may improve cardiometabolic profiles and should be considered a priority to help reduce mortality risk
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are early onset neurodevelopmental disorders that affect behavior, mood, and cognition. Dietary interventions that affect the microbiome may alleviate behavioral symptoms associated with these disorders, but evidence is inconclusive and further study is needed.   Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social
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Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that destroys the fatty insulation of nerve cells, but many therapeutic techniques can improve quality of life for patients. Tettey and colleagues found that being overweight worsens multiple sclerosis symptoms and disability, and losing weight could slow down disease progression.   Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that
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Omega fatty acids command the highest share of the dietary supplement market, with global sales at US $4 billion according to latest estimates. A novel study investigated the effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation and a multi-domain intervention comprising physical activity, cognitive training and nutritional advice on cognitive function.   Health benefits attributed to
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For decades, parents have told their children that a healthy body leads to a healthy mind. And a group of researchers determined that physical fitness does, in fact, correlate with the shape of some brain areas by studying some youngsters’ brain images.   Scientists associated with the University of Granada, Spain, wondered whether four kinds
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A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls.   Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia,
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Whole-genome sequencing of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families reveal 18 new candidate genes that have the potential to be future diagnostic and therapeutic targets.   Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects approximately one percent of the global population. ASD encompasses disorders such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and other
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Nonadherence to ADHD medication in adolescents, especially during their transition to college, can have significant repercussions on academic performance and long-term goals. In a recent study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, 10 freshmen with ADHD were interviewed regarding their medication self-management experience as they transitioned to college life.   Nonadherence to medical treatment
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In a recent study published in The Lancet, researchers examine the long-term effectiveness of the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT). They determined that there are long-term benefits of early communication interventions for children with autism.   Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges in communication, social and behavioural difficulties, and repeating behaviours.
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A systemic review and a meta-analysis were used to determine if brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels are altered in children with autism spectrum disorder.   The combination of genetic and environmental factors is considered to be the cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Moreover, it consists of a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders, which is characterized
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Some antipsychotic medications used to treat autism spectrum disorder in children cause weight gain. Addition of metformin to the treatment allows children to maintain their body weight but is associated with more gastrointestinal discomforts.   Antipsychotic medications (risperidone and aripiprazole) that are given to children with autism spectrum disorders frequently cause weight gain and metabolic
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A Dutch research group compared the effect of methylphenidate hydrochloride in adults and in children with ADHD, and found that the drug induced alterations in the brain blood flow of children, but not in adults.   Methylphenidate hydrochloride, sold under the brand names like Ritalin, is a commonly used medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
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A recent article published in PLoS One has found that numerous online forums promote the use of cannabis to relieve ADHD symptoms despite the fact that scientific evidence suggests it does more harm than good.   Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder that leads to hyperactivity and difficulty paying attention. Although the disorder
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