Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical therapy using an implantable device to stimulate brain regions. An international research team published the preliminary results of a study assessing the efficacy and safety of DBS to treat adult Tourette syndrome. Tourette syndrome is a childhood-onset neurological disorder present in approximately 1% of the population. It is
A recent Canadian study published the associations with food insecurity as it is related to poor mental health and substance use. Many studies have been conducted on mental health and substance use and its effects. However, the investigations surrounding these topics with an associated focused on food insecurity is a new area of research. Food
A new study looked at the combined effects of smoking tobacco and cannabis on the occurrence of psychotic experiences in a group of adolescents. The effects of cannabis have long been discussed in relation to psychosis, and in light of the upcoming cannabis legalization in Canada, this issue is more relevant than ever. Tobacco use
Observational studies have allowed researchers to compare the effectiveness and safety of traditional treatment options for multiple sclerosis and rituximab. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic immunological disease affecting the central nervous system. Depending on the region of the brain affected by the disease, patients may experience a wide range of symptoms (i.e. vision problems, bladder
A study was conducted on 122 new mothers to evaluate the possible correlations between sleep patterns and postpartum depressive symptoms. Depression has the potential to creep up on new mothers and unfortunately affects both mother and child. It is reported that 13-19% of women experience postpartum depression with as many as 30% of women
In a recent article published in The Lancet Neurology, researchers from Hamburg, Germany summarize what is currently known about cluster headaches. Cluster headaches are characterized by headache attacks causing pain on one side of the head, lasting for 15–180 minutes and occurring up to eight times a day. Unlike a migraine headache where individuals seek
In a recent article published in JAMA Psychiatry, researchers compare two psychological methods of treatment for PTSD after a natural disaster. Survivors of a natural disaster have a high risk of poor mental health.Natural disasters could result in disruptions in day-to-day life that may reduce the pace of normalization and recovery. It could also limit
Researchers in Canada examined whether childhood health behaviours predicted a later diagnosis of adolescent internalizing disorders. Mental health continues to be a burden across the globe. Approximately one in four people will experience one or more episodes of poor mental health in their lifetime. Half of all cases of poor mental health occur during adolescence.
Researchers investigate the effects of light therapy on sleep disturbances and depression in older adults with mild cognitive impairments from dementia. Pathological changes in the brain can lead to mild cognitive impairment followed by dementia. This mild cognitive impairment is a transitional stage between healthy aging and dementia and is characterized as impairment in one
A study from Denmark examines the relationship between psychiatric disorders in children and a history of homelessness in their parents. Children and adolescents that come from socially disadvantaged backgrounds struggle with health problems compared to those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. Social status and placement are suggested to have the largest effect on a child’s health
Melatonin is a natural medicine with a favourable side effect profile that may prevent migraines. A recent study compares the effectiveness and safety of melatonin to the commonly prescribed preventive medication amitriptyline. Migraine headaches are a common condition characterized by recurring moderate to severe headache attacks, autonomic nervous system dysfunction (i.e. vomiting) and in some
A recent study of tocilizumab highlights the potential for a promising new treatment for giant cell arteritis. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels) affecting the elderly. Although it doesn’t usually affect life expectancy in patients, it can lead to other serious conditions, such as optic
European researchers used two large population studies to determine how paternal depression symptoms may influence depression symptoms in teens. According to lead researcher Gemma Lewis, the incidence of depression increases markedly around 13 years of age with a majority of adults confirming their initial depressive symptoms occurring around the same time during adolescence. A mother’s
Researchers investigated whether a nutritional product called LipiDiDiet can delay the progression of cognitive decline in early Alzheimer’s patients. Since the first signs of cognitive decline can appear in early Alzheimer’s several years before the onset of dementia, early interventions may help to stabilize cognitive functioning and prolong independence. LipiDiDiet is a medical nutrition drink
An exciting new clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of using avatar therapy to treat the auditory hallucinations that are often experienced by patients with schizophrenia. Avatar therapy is a new experimental therapy involving a conversation between a patient with schizophrenia and a computer-generated avatar representing their auditory hallucinations. In an exciting new breakthrough, a recent
Researchers from Denver, Colorado examined if high-intensity Parkinson’s disease exercises were safe and whether they slowed symptom progression. What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s disease is a disorder in which the nervous system gradually deteriorates. Although the disease affects individuals differently, early symptoms typically include hand tremors, slow movement, stiffness, diminished facial expression, and slurred speech.
A recent study published in the Annals of General Psychiatry examines the factors that may protect against obsessive compulsive symptoms in Greek adolescents. Obsessive compulsive symptoms include recurring thoughts that cannot be ignored. While these thoughts and actions can constitute a normal part of development, if they continue they may develop into obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD),
Researchers in Tehran investigated whether the level of variety in the daily diet is related to stress and depression in women. Mental health issues are an increasing global concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that depressive disorders make up the third largest burden of disease worldwide. Several studies have highlighted the importance of a
Researchers piloted a study to investigate the potential of using virtual reality (VR) training systems in stroke rehabilitation. Following a stroke, survivors are often left with physical and mental disabilities. Nine out of ten stroke survivors are left with some degree of upper limb motor impairment, thus making it the most prevalent post-stroke disability suffered.
Depression is a condition affecting millions of people throughout the world. Aalbers and colleagues review the evidence of the effectiveness of music therapy for depression in a recent study. Depression is a medical condition that affects millions each year. It leads to a low mood, low energy, and reduced interest in activities that the person
A web-based survey aims to identify the factors associated with reluctance in pursuing professional psychiatric help for depression. Depressive disorders are a growing public health concern. While strides have been made in diagnosing and treating these illnesses, getting those afflicted the initial treatment needed remains a challenge. In order to identify the triggers that lead
Researchers examine the risk factors and preventative actions related to schizophrenia from the first signs of psychosis to full diagnosis. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition. Marked by symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized speech or behaviour, schizophrenia can severely impact an individual’s ability to function in society and lead a fulfilling life.
Researchers examined the role of the social environment, neurocognitive development, and brain plasticity in some adolescents’ natural resilience to substance use disorders. Adolescent Drug Use Abusing drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, and illegal prescription drugs are most likely to begin during adolescence. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, by the time teenagers are
Researchers from Cleveland, Ohio examined which areas of the brain might be responsible for severe hypotension in individuals with epilepsy. When the heart beats, it contracts, pushing blood through the arteries to the rest of the body. In turn, this creates pressure in the blood vessels. The amount of pressure in the arteries is called
A recent study examines whether people living with a severe mental illness who are physically active have higher levels of flexibility, balance, and aerobic condition. People with severe mental illness may be persons who could benefit greatly from having physical activities included in their daily activities. Gaining physical fitness could be a crucial element that
A cross-sectional study examines the effect of physical activity on the length of stay in inpatient mental health wards. It is well known that staying physically active not only facilities bodily health but mental health as well. According to Joseph Korge, the co-author of a recent study published in Psychiatry Research, a disconnect remains between
Researchers at Stanford University are aiming to figure out if umbilical cord blood or the factors found in it could help improve memory and learning in the ageing brain. As we age, there is a significant decline in our cognitive function. This is one of the key features of neurological disorders. A brain region known
Eating disorders can be difficult to treat, and remission is difficult to assess. A recent systematic review in the Journal of Eating Disorders outlines new outcomes to be considered when assessing eating disorder recovery. An eating disorder is a multi-faceted condition. It may have significant impacts on an individual’s quality of life, both personally and