Mental Health

Researchers examine the risk factors and preventative actions related to schizophrenia from the first signs of psychosis to full diagnosis. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition. Marked by symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized speech or behaviour, schizophrenia can severely impact an individual’s ability to function in society and lead a fulfilling life.
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Researchers examined the role of the social environment, neurocognitive development, and brain plasticity in some adolescents’ natural resilience to substance use disorders. Adolescent Drug Use Abusing drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, and illegal prescription drugs are most likely to begin during adolescence. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, by the time teenagers are
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A recent study examines whether people living with a severe mental illness who are physically active have higher levels of flexibility, balance, and aerobic condition. People with severe mental illness may be persons who could benefit greatly from having physical activities included in their daily activities. Gaining physical fitness could be a crucial element that
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A cross-sectional study examines the effect of physical activity on the length of stay in inpatient mental health wards. It is well known that staying physically active not only facilities bodily health but mental health as well. According to Joseph Korge, the co-author of a recent study published in Psychiatry Research, a disconnect remains between
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Neuroscientists published a groundbreaking paper that raised the following question: Is it possible that many common brain disorders, despite their wide-ranging symptoms, are triggered by our own body’s defenses? Glia cells carry out an array of functions in the brain such as supplying nutrients and oxygen to neurons and serving as its immune system by
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In a recent research study, researchers determine the relationship between depression and weight gain and whether diet and exercise affect depressive disorders in women. Depression and associated mood disorders have been shown to be a significant contributor to diseases across the globe, including obesity. The predisposition to depression is almost twice as high among females
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A recent study investigates the use of specialized bikes in providing patients with a spinal cord injury the opportunity to stay active and exercise. A spinal cord injury is often associated with long-term physical impairments that may contribute to social and psychological complications that negatively affect quality of life. It is important to establish programs
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Botulinum toxin manufacturers recommend avoiding anticoagulants during therapy. Researchers recently conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the risk. Botulinum toxin (BT), also known as Botox®, is a neurotoxin that is commonly used for cosmetic and muscle relaxation therapies. Once injected into muscle tissue, BT quickly inactivates surrounding nerves causing muscle paralysis which reduces muscle tension.
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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and confused thinking. A new study published in JAMA Psychiatry assessed whether inflammation was associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder affecting approximately 0.7% of the population. Individuals with schizophrenia often experience hallucinations and delusions and fail to understand
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A study published in The New England Journal of Medicine assessed changes in brain anatomy and structure of astronauts after short and long spaceflight. During spaceflight, astronauts experience a phenomenon called microgravity, which is the feeling of weightlessness. It has been shown that microgravity can lead to the ‘visual impairment and intracranial pressure’ (VIIP) syndrome,
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As reported in Science Magazine, an American research institute recently launched an initiative to share data from live human brain cells. As technological advancements have been made in the field of biology, scientists have been, to a greater extent, able to study the specifics of the human body. An increasingly common technique is to fully
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A randomized trial investigated the effects of brain surgery on the risk of recurrent seizures in children with drug-resistant epilepsy. Drug-resistant epilepsy carries significant health burdens. In addition to the risk of recurrent seizures, young people with this condition are at a higher risk of poor intellectual and psychosocial development. A common treatment for this
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Researchers from Purdue University have demonstrated how deep learning technology can analyze patterns in the visual cortex to “read” what a person sees. Researchers from Purdue University have developed a method using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and computer algorithms to map the neural networks of the visual cortex and to build a model of
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Researchers recently investigated the relative recurrence risk of postpartum depression among women who experienced depression after their first births. Postpartum depression is a temporary, non-psychotic state of depression following the delivery of a child. Postpartum depression may affect between 5% and 15% of all mothers, making it one of the most common postnatal complications of
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Researchers investigated the relationship between age and ADHD diagnosis to uncover if a child’s age within the school year impacts chances of a diagnosis. Behavioural symptoms that include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention are well-known features of children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). There are many factors that contribute to the chances of receiving
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Researchers in the Republic of Korea recently investigated whether there is, in fact, an association between bone mineral density and a brain aneurysm. Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by deterioration of bone tissue and low bone mass which leads to increased fragility of bones, making the risk of fracturing high. A bone mineral density test,
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Researchers investigated parenting stress and quality of life of those who have children with normal-range intelligence autism in Poland. Parents of children who have autism face many challenges on a daily basis due to their children’s obstacles in life. Children with autism are a mixed population ranging from low to high-range intelligence, however, their parents
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A new screening strategy, YouthCHAT, is soon to be implemented in New Zealand to combat mental health disorders and risky behaviour in adolescents. Mental health concerns and risky behaviour often arise during adolescence, including alcohol and drug use, physical inactivity, and sexual risk behaviours. In New Zealand, 25% of youth are affected by depression and
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A recent study published in the journal of BMC Medical Education gives an insight into the patterns and causes of medical school depression.   Depression is a mental illness that causes persistent low mood, and lack of interest and pleasure in daily life. Individuals with depression have feelings of worthlessness and disrupted concentration, sleep patterns,
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In a recent study, scientists investigate the use of MDMA in conjunction with psychotherapy as an aid in treating and alleviating PTSD symptoms. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by the re-experiencing of psychological and physiological distress related to past traumatic events. Individuals with PTSD may undergo profound personality changes linked to past traumatic experiences.
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In a recent study, researchers investigate the link between exercise and depression by determining whether exercise lower the risk of depression. Depression and the costs associated with it is steadily rising as a top public health concern across developed and developing nations. There is a great need for preventative and continuing care for this mental
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