Health, Fitness & Food

In a recent review, researchers in Germany examined the associations between various dietary factors and biomarkers of childhood and adolescent obesity. Childhood and adolescent obesity is on the rise worldwide, although it is not clear why. Diet has consistently been shown to be an important factor in obesity, but most studies have not been able
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Researchers investigated whether the frequent consumption of juice and carbonated beverages results in tooth erosion among preschool children. Tooth damage in children can be caused by dental or tooth erosion. Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth structures, like enamel and dentine, through a chemical process that does not involve bacteria. The damage may range
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A recent study conducted in the UK and published in the British Journal of Nutrition investigates whether there is a link between consuming alcohol and obesity. The global increase in obesity is of great concern, mainly due to the many chronic health problems associated with this condition, such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Alcohol
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Multiple sclerosis is a serious neurological disease with severe symptoms affecting the quality of life. Researchers from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia review what’s known about whether curcumin benefits the treatment of multiple sclerosis.   Multiple sclerosis, known colloquially as MS, is a degenerative disease affecting the central nervous system. In MS, an abnormal immune response
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Motorcycle crashes are a very common cause of mortality and some hypothesize that a full moon increases the likelihood of motorcycle-related deaths. A new study published in the British Medical Journal assessed whether a full moon contributes to motorcycle crashes in the US, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia. Motorcycle crashes are a very common cause of
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A recent study investigated factors that may influence attitudes towards doping in a cohort of Korean national athletes competing in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Despite efforts by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), the rate of positive doping tests remains approximately 2%. Most anti-doping approaches involve a detection approach, where regular doping controls and severe
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A recent study investigated whether a low sodium diet or treatment with paricalcitol or both could help type 2 diabetic patients at risk of kidney failure. Approximately 35% of patients with diabetes suffer from diabetic kidney disease, which is the number one cause worldwide for end-stage kidney disease.  The presence of abnormal levels of albumin,
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Researchers in Canada evaluate the value of a new gender-sensitized weight loss program called Hockey FIT, designed specifically for men. According to 2014 statistics, 62% of Canadian men self-reported being overweight or obese as opposed to 46% of women. Data indicates that men tend to feel underrepresented in promotional health programs. There is a need
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Researchers assessed if residents’ participation in sports clubs is influenced by the characteristics of their neighbourhood such as having green or blue space. Physical activity has several positive impacts on an individual and participation in club-based sports has also been shown to be very beneficial in improving psychological and social wellbeing. Due to societal developments,
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The risk for type 2 diabetes can be decreased by changing lifestyle, especially diet. Danish researchers Ibsen and colleagues investigate whether whole-fat or low-fat dairy products are equivalent in reducing type 2 diabetes risk. Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common condition in which individuals develop insulin resistance. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes
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A recent study published inEnvironmental Health evaluates the association between air pollution such as ozone and particulate matter and cardiovascular disease. Air pollution is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Based on epidemiological studies, the strongest association occurs between particulate matter (the sum of tiny particles and liquid droplets suspended in the air) and
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A recent study evaluated the effects of a low-fat and a high-fat diet on cardiometabolic risk indicators in metabolically healthy obese individuals. There is convincing evidence to show adverse effects of obesity and overweight on health. Overweight and obese people often have unhealthy metabolic profiles such as impaired glucose metabolism, elevated lipid profiles, systemic inflammation,
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A cross-sectional study investigates the joint effects of dietary patterns and watching TV for long periods of time on the risk of heart disease. Cardiovascular disease (CVD), commonly known as heart disease, remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Studies have identified several risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including hypertension (elevated
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A recent American study examined the effectiveness of popular caffeinated and non-caffeinated pre-workout supplements. The dietary supplement market is a substantial one, accounting for an economic impact of over $121 billion in the United States in 2016.  A popular category in this industry is that of pre-workout supplements, which aim to amplify feelings of energy
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A recent news story in Science discusses why targeting the LEAP2-ghrelin system may help to treat chronic conditions such as obesity and diabetes. Twenty years ago, researchers discovered the “hunger hormone” ghrelin. Investigators initially thought that ghrelin might stimulate one’s appetite; therefore, it was logical to hypothesize that blocking it would reduce one’s appetite and
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American researchers recently conducted a study investigating whether weight management that involves parents and children successfully can lead to weight loss. Over the last three decades, significant increases in obesity rates and the prevalence of overweight individuals have been observed in the United States. Although increases in obesity have been observed in all racial groups,
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Researchers investigated the association between lifestyle factors and the likelihood of suffering from GERD, also known as gastro-esophageal reflux disease. Most people will experience occasional bouts of acid reflux. However, if an individual experiences acid refluxes more than twice weekly, they may be diagnosed with gastro-esophageal reflux disease, commonly known as GERD.  Over 15 million
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In a recent study, researchers in Brazil examined the safety and effectiveness of an intragastric balloon in severely obese female adolescents. The prevalence of childhood obesity is growing worldwide. Often, lifestyle changes during this stage of life are not long-lasting, and most of the weight lost is regained within the first five years. The safe,
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Researchers investigated whether there is an association between sleep timing and diet and physical activity levels in children between 9 and 11 years old. It is well-known that getting a good night’s sleep is important for health. Previous studies have shown that getting fewer hours sleep is associated with excess body weight and poor diet
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A recent study examined the effect of yogurt consumption on biomarkers of chronic inflammation in normal weight and obese individuals. Obesity remains a growing public health concern and is associated with some chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. Previous studies have determined that the gut bacteria in obese individuals are different
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The results of a recent field trial show that new genetically modified bananas can successfully resist a fungus that has devastated banana crops worldwide. The Cavendish variety of bananas represents more than 40% of the world’s banana harvest. It was adopted for cultivation on a large scale in the 1950s in response to the devastation
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