Health, Fitness & Food

A recent study investigated whether high or moderate protein intake would affect recovery and performance during strength training. There are three macronutrients that make up the total calories found in all the food we consume: proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. For active individuals, particularly those training for strength or muscle building, protein has been identified as
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A new review highlights different methods of food spoilage and the current strategies utilized around the globe for food preservation and processing. Food preservation, which is defined as processes and techniques used to prevent food spoilage, allows for an increased food shelf life while retaining the food’s original nutritional value, color, texture, and flavor. Conventional
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In a study published in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers assessed how eggs affected the growth and development of infants when added to their diet. For people living in areas where food is scarce, gaining adequate nutrition is a challenge. A consequence of this scarcity is stunted growth and development in children. Many essential nutrients
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In a recent study, researchers used an online survey to evaluate the benefits and behaviors individuals experienced when using fitness activity trackers. Wearable tech has seen increased use in the past few years following the gamification of physical activity and obsessive-compulsive stat-tracking software. Popularized by companies like Fitbit and Apple, the popularity of activity trackers
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A recent study determines the frequency at which Canadian supermarkets promote healthy and less healthy cereals for breakfast. More than one in nine Canadian children are currently classed as obese. Past research has demonstrated that obesity is linked to the consumption of unhealthy food and since supermarkets are where most food spending occurs, they influence
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Studies have shown that musical interventions have a positive impact on our physical health. A recent review published in Perspectives in Public Health looked at whether the benefits of music also apply to our mental wellbeing. Ways to improve our physical health and well-being are constantly being investigated and the results often contribute to the
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To determine how the microbiome may be shaped by the seasonal Inuit diet, researchers compare the fecal bacteria of the Inuit to city-dwelling Canadians. The human digestive tract is home to over a thousand species of microbes from bacteria, to fungi, and even viruses. Termed the gut microbiome, researchers have shown that the types of
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Researchers will soon conduct a study on the effectiveness of a team-based exercise app through Facebook, meant to increase moderate to vigorous exercise. Physical inactivity is a well-known and serious behavioral risk factor for a variety of health conditions. Widespread physical inactivity, unfortunately, places an intense financial burden on society. At present, the Australian guidelines
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Researchers in Finland looked at whether an apple polyphenol extract could improve arterial health in 60 volunteers who had mildly raised blood pressure.   Atherosclerosis is a build-up of fatty material on the inside wall of arteries. Over time, this material becomes fibrous and the arterial walls lose their elasticity, so atherosclerosis is sometimes referred
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Researchers investigate whether aerobic exercise performance can be improved by consuming certain combinations of micronutrients. Micronutrients, which include vitamins and minerals, are essential for maintaining health and well-being. Evidence also shows that some minerals such as iron, copper, and zinc, can actually improve aerobic exercise performance by various means. Yet intake of these three particular
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A study looked at the perceived barriers to implementing lifestyle changes for preventing heart disease among different socio-demographic populations. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and death in many countries. It is well-studied that a healthy lifestyle leads to a 67-72% lower risk of developing heart failure and that 80% of CVD
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A descriptive study of food advertisement seeks to understand product promotion in the realm of online marketing strategies. Food and beverage giants influence poor dietary choices in both developed and undeveloped countries. The disconnect between nutrition and health may lie in the comprehensive online marketing strategies of food companies, which tailor their sales approach differently
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A recent study examines if a high-dose vitamin D3 supplement could replenish vitamin D stores in deficient heart failure patients. Roughly 600,000 Canadians currently live with heart failure and 50,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. The cost of the disease burden amounts to $2.8 billion annually.1 Prognosis is generally poor with an average one-year
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A recent review investigated the possible association between iron supplements and adverse effects in infants and young children without iron deficiency. Iron is a necessary micronutrient, especially for infants and children at young ages due to their rapid growth and demanding metabolic system. Iron deficiency is a very common micronutrient deficiency. Infants with untreated iron
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A study is investigating whether resistance training exercises or yoga has more beneficial effects on the wellbeing of patients with Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease which now affects more than ten million people globally. Whilst physical symptoms of this chronic illness are typically treated with medications which replace dopamine to
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Childhood obesity prevention is increasingly becoming a public health priority. This study examines parent experiences as they relate to childhood obesity. The obesity prevalence found among Latino children has been reported to be extremely high. The parents of these children are often of low income and living in urban communities, but even if educated they
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A recent study assessed the association between chronic conditions, physical multi-morbidity, and sedentary behaviour among adults in six countries. Sedentary behaviour is associated with a wide range of deleterious outcomes such as diabetes, stroke, and premature mortality, irrespective of a person’s physical activity levels. There have been no studies that are nationally representative, multi-national, or
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An article published in the British Medical Journal discusses a study on the long-term use of statins for patients with high cholesterol. A recent study explored the long-term use of statins in patients with high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. LDL cholesterol transports fat to cells, where they can build up and cause atherosclerosis.
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There has been growing interest in the health benefits of nature therapy. Researchers recently reviewed the scientific evidence for these benefits. Poets and other writers have long expounded the spiritual and health benefits of nature. Now, there is increasing interest from clinical and scientific circles in whether there are quantifiable health benefits to going outdoors,
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A research group evaluated whether higher e-cigarette nicotine levels contribute to increased frequency and intensity of cigarette smoking and vaping. Last year, a worrisome 11% of American 10th-grade students reported using e-cigarettes (vaping) in the past month. Prior research has proven that teens who vape are at a higher risk of starting and consequently progressing
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In a recently published review, researchers summarize the effects of paternal obesity on male fertility — specifically sperm quality and progeny health. Obesity, defined as the excessive accumulation of adipose tissue, is a well-established risk factor for many pathologies, including hypertension, kidney and cardiovascular disease, and type II diabetes. Recent studies have shown that obesity
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