Health, Fitness & Food

A research paper published in Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology details the differences in endocrine profiles in elite athletes across 15 different Olympic sports. It is well-documented that different sports attract different types of athletes. This is mostly due to biomechanical reasons. For instance, while marathon runners benefit from lighter body builds, power-lifters are generally short
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Researchers in Korea recently conducted a review of previous studies to investigate the relationship between night work and breast cancer. Shift work that disrupts circadian rhythm was first classified as being “probably carcinogenic to humans” by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2007. Since then, there has been increasing concern regarding work-related
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Researchers investigated the effects of a lemon verbena supplement or a placebo on muscle strength and recovery after a strenuous exercise test. Muscle fatigue and soreness is a common malady after an exhaustive exercise session. The muscle fibers become stressed and inflamed and need time to recover. A novel lemon verbena extract (sold as Recoverben®)
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A recent Canadian study published in PLoS ONE searched for a link between women playing action video games and their visuomotor-related brain activity. Recent developments in rehabilitation sciences have suggested that video games may be a valuable source of training attention and visuospatial associated skills. Action video games, in particular, are designed to engage the
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Edema associated with phases of the menstrual cycle may have an effect on athletic performance. A recent study investigated how athletic agility is influenced by menstrual cycle-related edema in college-aged women. Edema, commonly known as water retention, is when water builds up in body cavities or tissues. Edema of the lower limbs related to menstruation
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A lack of sleep can interfere with one’s physical, mental, social, and emotional well-being. Researchers recently investigated whether supplementing with chamomile extract is effective at reducing insomnia in older adults. Difficulty going to sleep or remaining asleep can cause major disturbances during nightfall.This disturbance in sleep pattern, known as insomnia, can lead to chronic conditions
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A recent study investigated the effectiveness of continuous aerobic training and super circuit training in improving health in patients with heart disease. Exercise is often recommended by physicians and health care providers as a tool for improving overall health and outcomes in patients with heart disease. Continuous moderate aerobic training (CAT), which includes cycling and
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An eight-year study investigated the effects of inadequate levels of dietary magnesium in older frail individuals. Magnesium deficiency may go underdiagnosed in young and middle-aged adults for several years. However, in the older population, factors associated with poor nutrition such as frailty, make magnesium deficiency more detectable. Frailty is a clinical syndrome that is characterized
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Recent research from the US investigates whether e-cigarettes have significant long-term consequences despite initial short-term benefits. An American report published in the British Medical Journal outlines the negative effects of electronic cigarettes. According to the report, approximately 800 research studies have provided evidence for an increased use of e-cigarettes among youth populations. Although the intention
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A retrospective study indicates that patients who undergo bariatric surgery have better survival rates than those who use non-surgical weight loss regimens. Obesity is considered an important health issue in many countries.  We have long known that an increased body mass index, or BMI, is associated with life-threatening conditions like heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
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With obesity levels on the rise around the world, so too are procedures aiming to cure this condition. A recent short news article published in the British Medical Journal looked at the benefits of one such procedure – the sleeve gastrectomy. Healthcare professionals are using many different tactics to try to tackle obesity. These can
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Cardiovascular disease exerts an economic toll on the country. A recent Canadian study assesses the impact of cardiovascular disease treatment and prevention on healthcare spending by the year 2050. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in most developed countries. Although there has been a decline in the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases over
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The human gut microbiota has become a novel therapeutic target for treatment of gut disorders. A recent study in New Zealand evaluates whether high or low habitual fiber intake affects the impact of a prebiotic on the gut microbiome.   The human gut microbiota, the population of microorganisms living in our intestines, plays an essential
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A cross-sectional study takes a detailed look at the association between alcohol and blood pressure and hypertension in a mixed Brazilian population. Hypertension is a condition of consistent increased blood pressure that can contribute to a number of medical conditions. The association between alcohol and blood pressure has been investigated extensively in medical literature. There
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A recent study investigated the role of soy lecithin to address fatigue and improve other health-related parameters in middle-aged Japanese women. Middle-aged women are vulnerable to symptoms associated with the menopausal transition including night sweats, hot flashes, insomnia, depression, and fatigue. Some studies have shown that fatigue is commonly reported and some women even report
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Researchers examined how a pattern of unhealthy behaviors can affect the body mass index of youth and thus their overweight and obesity status. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems that have been associated with other chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension. The prevalence of overweight and obesity haveincreased in recent
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Researcher evaluated whether a supervised program to encourage exercise during pregnancy could confer positive health benefits after delivery. This Norwegian study conducted from September 2010 to March 2015 among pregnant women evaluated whether physical activity during pregnancy would impact the levels of diabetes and hypertension during and after pregnancy. The researchers investigated a supervised exercise
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