The pattern of food avoidance and restriction is cause for concern and researchers have begun to investigate ARFID among several types of patients. Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is becoming more prevalent. With the introduction of ARFID, there is an increased need to understand the prevalence and patterns of food avoidance and restriction in adults.
Studies have shown that regular physical activity can improve motor performance in young adults. Researchers recently looked into whether similar effects are seen in older adults. Moving our upper limbs in a smooth, consistent manner is something we take for granted, and is necessary for a range of activities involving grasping or holding objects. This
A recent study examines whether happy music helps creativity during problem-solving by comparing four types of musical selections. Divergent and Convergent Thinking Divergent and convergent thinking are two poles on a spectrum of cognitive approaches to problems. On the divergent end, there is a problem and the thinker seeks to generate multiple solutions. Activities that
Smart labels may one day use nanotechnology to determine whether perishables, such as food and makeup, are still safe to use. Nanotechnology is advancing rapidly in ways that allow us to fight disease, detect pollution, and make materials that are stronger, lighter, and more resistant than ever before. Among these diseases are food-borne illnesses. Spoiled
Almost 60% of patients who survive coronary heart disease continue as persistent smokers. Scientists aimed to identify the risk factors of persistent smoking after a heart attack. The role that cigarette smoking has played in the initiation and progression of heart disease has been extremely researched over the years. It’s known that smoking is the
Milk protein supplementation following strenuous exercise can decrease muscle fatigue and increase skeletal muscle growth. Researchers set out to find out whether protein intake after exercise increases muscle recovery. Taxing exercise routines can take a toll on all muscle tissues involved in the movement. Exercise repetitions lead to increased microscopic trauma to skeletal muscle, causing
Researchers have determined the incidence of previously undiagnosed atrial fibrillation in high-risk patients with the use of an insertable cardiac monitor (ICM). Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a condition wherein the atria do not contract in coordination with the ventricles, resulting in a fast and irregular heart rhythm. Patients with this condition are at risk for
Researchers tested the DNA of dogs and wolves to determine whether mutations in a gene for friendly dog behavior are linked to extreme friendliness in humans as well. Dogs are very friendly to humans, much more so than wolves who have been raised by humans. Because dogs are so important to us, many researchers have
Fatty acids in a mother’s diet interact with genes involved in lipid metabolism, which in turn affects the composition of breast milk. Human breast milk is widely considered to be the ideal form of sustenance for infants during the first six months of life. Human milk contains many bioactive molecules and nutrients necessary for healthy
The essential oils found in Curcuma herbs have many uses. Researchers in China determine the composition and therapeutic activity of Curcuma herb essential oils extracted from four Curcuma herb species. Curcuma herbs have been used in Southeast Asia for thousands of years for their claimed antioxidative, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic effects. the chemical composition of
The consumption of citrus fruits and their juices may have beneficial health outcomes in male endurance-trained athletes. The consumption of citrus fruits and their juices have been linked to reduced risk of stroke and some cancers and this effect may be due to high flavanone levels that exist in citrus fruit. One of the main
Researchers speculate that new changes in government could potentially take away the benefits from a program introduced in 1997 to reduce health disparities in the United Kingdom between different geographical locations. Unemployment in the United Kingdom (UK) was on the rise in the 1980s and 1990s. The unemployment fuelled the income inequality within the country.
A recent study published in BMC Public Health determines whether Australian runners who participate in community-based physical activity are more satisfied with their physical health compared to the general population. Although the benefits of physical activity have been well-established, many people struggle to incorporate exercise into their daily routines. Community-based fitness events encourage not only
New studies demonstrate that inhibiting the activity of angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3), a liver protein that regulates lipoprotein metabolism and inhibits lipoprotein lipase (LPL), could help lower the plasma levels of triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol as well as reduce the risk of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. It has been
A recent study published in BMJ determines whether physical activity assessed over 28 years protects against cognitive decline or the risk of dementia. Advanced age is a major risk factor for dementia, and the “greying” of the population in many countries across the globe means that greater numbers of older adults will develop the disease.
A recent study determines whether the use of whey protein in the management of malnutrition in the elderly has a suppressive effect on subsequent energy intake. Whey protein is a natural protein supplement derived from milk and is frequently used for maintenance of lean muscle mass and management of malnutrition in the elderly. Malnutrition, both
A recent study assesses the success of various diets in terms of weight loss and weight maintenance by using fasting insulin and fasting plasma glucose as markers. Obesity is a global epidemic prevalent in most developed countries. Over the years, many diet and exercise regimes have been designed to tackle obesity. Despite numerous variations in
The rate of obesity is on the rise and continues to be a global concern and public health issue. Combining behavioural weight loss treatment with motivational interviews may increase weight loss in obese and overweight people. Obesity rates continue to rise worldwide and according to one study, 65 million more adults in the USA are
As the most common type of heart disease and a leading cause of death in the US, coronary artery disease treatment is of significant importance. A recent study compares whether bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) are as safe and effective as drug-eluting stents (DES) for treating coronary artery disease. Comparing Treatments for Coronary Artery Disease
Commentators warn that the new regulations published by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the nutrition facts label could lead manufacturers to make changes to the vitamin and mineral content of fortified foods and supplements. Regulations requiring food manufacturers to provide nutritional information on product packaging were established in the US by the Food
A recent study has demonstrated that protein supplementation does not help weight management after weight loss. Studies have shown that caloric restriction is the most effective way to lose weight, but people who lose weight often struggle to keep it off. High protein diets can contribute to weight loss when calories are restricted, however, it
Youth drinking is a significant problem in many countries and is a major cause of alcohol-related injury and disease. Many injuries result in admission to the Emergency Department, and the harsh reality is that these injuries are avoidable. Excessive alcohol consumption is a major problem in many societies around the world.
When combined with exercise, consuming a specific combination of amino acid supplements benefits obesity treatment by fat catabolism and may play a vital role in understanding obesity. Obesity is considered a worldwide public health issue and has been identified as a major risk factor for health illnesses such as type 2 diabetes, stroke, hypertension, and
A recent paper studied the frequency of an annual electrocardiogram and its impact on subsequent cardiac testing in healthy, low-risk patients. Low-value care is characterized by a lack of benefit or an imbalance between benefits and potential risks; some consequences include higher health care costs, patient inconvenience, and—in some cases—harm. An example of low-value care
Oxidative stress has negative effects in the intestines and one group recently studied whether arginine supplementation can alleviate these effects, using an animal model. The study demonstrates that oxidative stress decreases arginine levels and increases inflammation, whereas the addition of arginine to the diet reverses these outcomes. Free radicals are chemically reactive molecules that are
A recently published review analyzed data from multiple studies on the efficacy and safety of a new drug class for the treatment of atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism, the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC). It concluded that the NOAC was superior or comparable to existing vitamin K antagonist drugs (warfarin) for the treatment
Being diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension (HTN) may result in the development of post-pregnancy hypertension in the years following the delivery. Hypertension (HTN), or commonly high blood pressure, is a medical condition where there is persistent elevation in the blood pressure in the arteries. If this persists long-term the body may suffer direct damage
The incidence and the risk of sudden death from heart failure have been on a downward trend over the years owing to the use of combination drugs. Medical devices including implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are used for patients with heart failure, however, these devices are expensive and cause many adverse effects on the patients. Medications