Drugs

Researchers investigate whether a breastfeeding promotion intervention affected allergy-related conditions such as atopic eczema and asthma in adolescents. Breastfeeding provides many emotional and health benefits to both mother and child. Among the many health benefits, breastfeeding is believed to help prevent allergies and conditions associated with these, such as asthma and atopic eczema. Mothers are
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A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Vitamin D is a regulator of calcium levels in the body. A deficiency in vitamin D levels correlates with many skeletal conditions and has been identified as a cause of conditions such
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A recent study examined the trends in cardiovascular risk factors and intervention measures in diabetics and non-diabetics between 1998 and 2014. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of death associated with diabetes. However, over the past decades, the prevalence of death due to cardiovascular disease in diabetics has decreased. Past studies have examined cardiovascular
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Researchers from Switzerland will be conducting a first-ever study to assess whether creative music therapy could promote brain function in preterm infants. It’s an age-old question. We’ve all heard of the “Mozart effect”, the idea that playing classical music to babies might make them smarter. The idea was popularized by research from the University of
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In a recent review, researchers discuss how exercise regulates the epigenetics that contribute to the regulation of human disease. Recent evidence suggests that the benefits of exercise extend further than what is commonly known. Researchers around the world have agreed that regular physical activity has positive effects that originate in the very smallest unit of
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Researchers determine the effects of aspirin in preventing the development of recurrent colorectal tumors to solidify recommendations for their use. The presence of adenomas (benign tumors) in the colon prompts immediate attention since the majority of cancers develop from an adenoma. Patients who are most at risk of developing new adenomas are those with a
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Researchers in Japan have evaluated a new multimodal approach for neck rejuvenation. Cosmetic neck rejuvenation is one of the most challenging cosmetic procedures for clinicians. A multi-modal approach is necessary because so many factors contribute to the aging of the neck. A multimodal approach to rejuvenate the neck was reported and published in the Journal
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A recent meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials assessed the efficacy of two drug treatments in reducing mortality in heart failure patients. Chronic heart failure affects 1-2% of the adult population in developed countries and it has one of the highest morbidity and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease globally. It is thus crucial to decrease the
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In a recently published review, researchers examine the relationship between antihypertensive medications and the risk of major cardiovascular events. How is Blood Pressure Measured? When the heart beats, it pushes blood through your arteries to the rest of your body.  This creates pressure in the blood vessels.  The amount of pressure in the arteries is
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Investigators review rituximab for the treatment of various autoimmune rheumatic diseases to determine how useful it is for approved and off-label use. Improved understanding of autoimmune rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, has helped advance the types of therapeutic options available. For example, biologic therapies are very promising and can greatly improve patients’ quality of
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Dienogest has been extensively investigated as a treatment for endometriosis. A new study evaluates its efficacy in treating symptomatic adenomyosis. What is Adenomyosis? Adenomyosis is a condition that involves the encroachment, or movement, of endometrial tissue lining the uterus. Adenomyosis differs from endometriosis in that the endometrial tissue “pushes” into the muscles of the uterus
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Researchers investigated whether extremely high levels of HDL cholesterol are associated with increased mortality in men and women. HDL cholesterol, often known as “good” cholesterol, is known to have an inverse relationship with cardiovascular disease and mortality—higher HDL cholesterol levels are associated with lower cardiovascular disease. Randomized clinical trials, however, have failed to prove that
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A recent study sheds new light on the genetic basis of alcohol dependence and major depression, which could help develop new treatments for these conditions. Although the comorbidity of alcohol dependence and major depression is recognized, the underlying basis of their co-occurrence is not well understood. Studies indicate that alcohol dependence increases the risk of
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A recent study investigated whether there is a link between consuming high glycemic foods and the accumulation of amyloid-β plaques in older adults. More than one in eight Americans aged over 65 years is affected by Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia. The hallmark characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease is the formation and accumulation
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The International Bioinformatics Workshop that recently took place in China presents an opportunity to learn about new findings and techniques in the field. Bioinformatics is an increasingly important scientific field combining computer science, math, statistics, and engineering to analyze the vast quantities of biological data that researchers are generating. In Genome Biology, Zheng and Zhong
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A new study examines the potential association between dietary consumption of pesticides and pregnancy outcomes of women undergoing fertility treatment. Fruits and vegetables are a necessary component of a balanced diet. However, the number one source of pesticides is from those same fruits and vegetables. There are guidelines in place to manage pesticide levels and
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Researchers examined previous studies on chronic kidney disease and contributing factors, exploring how they might affect bone loss and heart disease. In addition to reducing the body’s ability to remove waste, controlling fluid levels, and managing blood pressure, chronic kidney disease (CKD) also impacts a number of processes related to aging and cardiovascular disease. Exploring
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A recent study reviews the occurrence, diagnosis, and treatment of early-onset inflammatory bowel disease with respect to its causes and epidemiology. Early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is classified as a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease or inflammatory bowel disease in children under the age of 10 and occurs in a chronic state.  Early-onset inflammatory
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A large-scale multinational study investigates the effect of evolocumab on regulating LDL cholesterol levels and managing the risk of heart disease. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is a well-researched marker for cardiovascular disease, with lower LDL levels being associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is an enzyme that plays
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