Drugs

A recent study examined the challenges to Zika outbreak research in terms of the ethical and cultural implications of worldwide research collaboration. The establishment of quick and effective research responses to international health crises is considered by many a worldwide moral and ethical requirement. Conversely, conducting research in the middle of a public health emergency,
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Preterm births are the most common cause of infant death worldwide. A new study is the first to identify relevant genes and a simple, potentially low-cost solution. What are Preterm Births? A human pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks. Preterm births, also known as premature births, are when a baby is at born 37 weeks
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Investigators in South Korea weigh the safety and effectiveness of a new one-day, multi-faceted method for treating neck wrinkles. As we age, wrinkles on the neck appear in the form of looser skin and vertical and/or horizontal neck folds. To achieve a lasting reduction of neck wrinkles, a combination of treatment approaches is usually needed.
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Plastic surgery procedures for neck rejuvenation pose risks to the patient. Doctors examine a new alternative called percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. The formation of horizontal lines and wrinkles and the loss of definition of the jaw lines are a result of the process of aging and age-related laxity over the platysmal bands, which are muscles of
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Nicholas Waglechner and Gerard D. Wright investigate the ancient origins and current state of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in a recently published review in BMC Biology. The inappropriate and widespread use of antibiotics has led to the development of antibiotic-resistant pathogens, capable of causing death and disease. For example, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a
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A recent study examines hospital readmission risks to determine if they are affected by patient demographics or hospital quality. Hospital readmission risks are high for certain diseases and can vary greatly from hospital to hospital. The causes for the readmissions can either be due to various patient factors or due to the events at the
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Scientists have developed a computer capable of determining the lowest energy state of three compounds; bring them closer to using quantum computers for the discovery and development of new drugs. The advent of powerful computers has allowed for substantial progress in fields like statistics, bioinformatics, and medicine. However, classical computers are limited in their progressing
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A new study reports that bacterial mutation rates are significantly higher under crowded conditions and offers insights which could help develop methods to counter antibiotic resistance. Mutations, or changes in the DNA sequence, create genetic variations which can be beneficial or deleterious and are essential for the evolution of organisms. In fact, genetic mutations are
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Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in healthcare. It is important to develop the most effective antibiotic prescription strategy. A recent study investigated the effectiveness of antibiotics in patients with acute uncomplicated respiratory tract infections. Acute respiratory tract infections are one of the most common complications managed by primary care physicians. These patients most commonly
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Statistics show that in 2015, the number of practicing doctors above the age of 65 was 23% of all health professionals. This percentage has increased by more than 374% since the year 1975. More than ever, we are left to wonder: what is the appropriate physician retirement age? There is concern regarding the ability of
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Vasodilatory shock resistant to traditional treatment with vasopressors is associated with a high mortality rate A recent study published in The New England Journal of Medicine sets out to investigate the effects of angiotensin II as a treatment. Shock can be a fatal syndrome as a result of decreased perfusion of vital organs which leads
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In a 2017 study, researchers explored the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the C-reactive protein gene and age-related macular degeneration. The findings suggest that C-reactive protein does not cause macular degeneration. Associations have been drawn between high levels of the inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – deterioration of the
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Gonorrhea is one of the most common STI (sexually transmitted infections) worldwide. In 2016, the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP) was developed to address the concerns regarding the emergence of multidrug-resistant gonorrhea and the need for new treatments. Gonorrhea, caused by Neisseria gonorrheae bacteria is one of the most common STIs (sexually transmitted
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Liver disease is a common cause of premature death in the UK. Recently, The Lancet Commission on Liver Disease highlighted the financial impact liver disease places on the national healthcare system and businesses, and suggested strategies to reduce these burdens. The negative impacts of liver disease on citizens under the age of 65 in the
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Acute kidney injury is a common condition seen by clinicians in different settings. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnosis and clinical management of this condition. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnostic methods and
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Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent advances in research and technology have helped in the understanding of the disease which in turn aids treatment and management. Community acquired pneumonia is one of the main causes of hospital admissions and healthcare professionals encounter community acquired pneumonia in different
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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the most common virus causing acute lower respiratory infection in young children. A recent comprehensive review study gives an updated estimate of the worldwide impact of RSV and provides key information to direct future vaccine development and implementation policy. Acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI), usually pneumonia or bronchiolitis, is
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  Hyperhidrosis is a common medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. A recent systematic literature review investigated the efficacy and safety of several common Hyperhidrosis therapies.   Hyperhidrosis is a chronic autonomic disorder characterized by excessive sweating that affects approximately 4.8% of the United States population. The condition can significantly reduce the quality of life
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Bordetella pertussis is a gram-negative bacillus which causes mild respiratory symptoms in adults but can be a life-threatening infection in children. In 2017, a group of researchers led by Mark Ebell, M.D. did a systematic review on the clinical diagnosis of this infection. Bordetella pertussis is a gram-negative bacillus which causes a mild respiratory infection
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There is an increased interest from policy makers into the emergency admissions andhospitalisation of individuals in nursing homes. A study was conducted to examine thehospitalization rate of nursing homes after the implementation of the INTERACT program. The Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers, INTERACT program, aims to increase the availability and quality of care at
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  Researchers have systematically evaluated antibiotic use in patients and concluded that antibiotics are still being overused.   Adverse drug effects are any injuries or negative reactions caused by taking a medication and are common even in everyday medications such as antibiotics. Recent recommendations have advised fewer antibiotic prescriptions, however, research has shown that as
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