Drugs

Researchers in the US tested whether specific or general questions were better at reflecting improvement following treatment of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis of the knee is an irreversible condition that can be painful and affect quality of life. In knee osteoarthritis, the normal structure of the joint that resists bone-on-bone contact during standing or
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A review study analyzed the potential role of Vitamin D supplementation in improving symptoms and quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The role of Vitamin D in improving musculoskeletal conditions has long been established, as this micronutrient is essential for the proper absorption of calcium and phosphate, and the secretion of parathyroid
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Researchers examined the association between a history of gestational diabetes and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease postpartum. Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a well-documented risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes later in life and carries up to a 70% lifetime risk. However, little is known about the association between gestational
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Recent research on how neurodegeneration occurs in the brain of Alzheimer’s patients indicates that the disease may actually spread like an infection. The thief of memory and cognition, Alzheimer’s, is a devastating disease which affects many people worldwide. It is characterized by the presence of two proteins, tau deposits, which form clumps inside neurons and
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Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) usage is associated with adverse complications in the older adult population. In a recent study, researchers determine the costs associated with PIMs and the difference between cases in residential care and traditional aged facilities.   Polypharmacy is the concurrent use of numerous drugs to treat a single condition. Individuals prescribed more
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Experts in Italy evaluated the available research to outline ten “golden rules” when using probiotics to improve health and treat medical conditions. Probiotics are live microorganisms that can improve health. There has been an explosion of interest in probiotics in the recent years, with several claims made about their benefits for digestive health, allergic disorders,
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Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that typically affects adults over 65 years old. Researchers recently investigated if caffeine and caffeine metabolites can be used as biomarkers to effectively diagnose Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that progressively leads to loss of bodily movement. Currently, it is estimated that 55,000 Canadians (0.2% of the Canadian population) are living with Parkinson’s disease, making
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A study published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth aimed to provide evidence that behaviour change interventions can reduce secondhand-smoke exposure in pregnant women. The number of daily smokers has increased with a high prevalence of smoking in men. Exposure to second-hand smoke can result in various health outcomes, such as ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory
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A recently published study has examined the effects of psychological well-being on lipid profiles including HDL cholesterol levels. For many years the link between psychological well-being and lipid profiles has been studied. Initially, it was found that there was a negative correlation between cholesterol and moods. This means that as cholesterol levels increased, mood decreased.
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A recent study published in the British Medical Journal determines whether there is a correlation between the occurrence of rainfall and achy joints. It is widely believed that changes in the weather can contribute to the intensity of back and joint pain, especially for patients diagnosed with arthritis. Previous research on the topic, however, has
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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), affecting more than 11% of people worldwide, causes abdominal pain, bloating, and irregular bowel movements. A recent clinical trial in Norway investigated whether fecal transplants could restore a healthy gut microbiome and relieve irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes abdominal pain, bloating, and abnormal frequency and consistency of
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A study published in BMC Research Notes reported results on how First Nations women compared to Caucasian women concerning perceived physical and mental health. First Nations, or Indigenous peoples, are the first inhabitants of what is now known as Canada. They currently make up around 4% of Canada’s population. Several health studies have been conducted
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In a recent study, researchers determine whether financial incentives would improve breastfeeding rates in a UK population. Although breastfeeding and its numerous effects on a newborn’s well-being have long been established as being extremely beneficial, financial incentives could have greater effects on improving breastfeeding rates in communities where breastfeeding rates are low. This study, published
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A large trial in the UK compared behavioural activation therapy and self-guided therapy for those with both intellectual disability and depression. Mental health illnesses do not discriminate and are widespread across all populations. Some populations are particularly vulnerable; in fact, among the intellectually disabled, as many as 40% live with a mental health illness. Some
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Modern hormonal contraceptives are used frequently worldwide among women. A research group recently analyzed whether modern hormonal contraceptives affected breast cancer risk among pre-menopausal women in Denmark. It is estimated that over 140 million women worldwide use hormonal contraception. The hormone estrogen is known to contribute to the initiation of breast cancer. Because hormonal contraception
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A review study conducted in the USA has investigated the occurrence of overdiagnosis of optic neuritis and established its incidence and main causes. Optic neuritis is an acute inflammatory optic disease characterized by demyelination of the optic nerve. Demyelination is the process by which nerves, in this case, the optic nerve, lose their “insulating” coat,
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A recent meta-analysis compares lumbar disc herniation surgery options, ranking them on their rates of success, complication, and reoperation. The vast majority of cases of sciatica are due to the compression of nerves in the lumbar discs of the spine, which is the most common condition leading to spinal surgery. The standard treatment for lumbar
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Metabolic syndrome affects up to one-quarter of adults and increases the risk for more serious conditions like diabetes. Babaei and colleagues sought to determine whether vitamin D supplementation can improve outcomes for patients with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a set of conditions that co-occur and can increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and
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Researchers investigated the effectiveness of using apple juice instead of expensive electrolyte solutions for pediatric gastroenteritis treatment. Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the stomach and intestines, typically the result of a bacterial or viral infection. Children with mild gastroenteritis can become dehydrated. Continued vomiting and diarrhea without sufficient fluid replacement can lead to the need for
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