Drugs

A recent study examines hospital readmission risks to determine if they are affected by patient demographics or hospital quality. Hospital readmission risks are high for certain diseases and can vary greatly from hospital to hospital. The causes for the readmissions can either be due to various patient factors or due to the events at the
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Scientists have developed a computer capable of determining the lowest energy state of three compounds; bring them closer to using quantum computers for the discovery and development of new drugs. The advent of powerful computers has allowed for substantial progress in fields like statistics, bioinformatics, and medicine. However, classical computers are limited in their progressing
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A new study reports that bacterial mutation rates are significantly higher under crowded conditions and offers insights which could help develop methods to counter antibiotic resistance. Mutations, or changes in the DNA sequence, create genetic variations which can be beneficial or deleterious and are essential for the evolution of organisms. In fact, genetic mutations are
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Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in healthcare. It is important to develop the most effective antibiotic prescription strategy. A recent study investigated the effectiveness of antibiotics in patients with acute uncomplicated respiratory tract infections. Acute respiratory tract infections are one of the most common complications managed by primary care physicians. These patients most commonly
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Statistics show that in 2015, the number of practicing doctors above the age of 65 was 23% of all health professionals. This percentage has increased by more than 374% since the year 1975. More than ever, we are left to wonder: what is the appropriate physician retirement age? There is concern regarding the ability of
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Vasodilatory shock resistant to traditional treatment with vasopressors is associated with a high mortality rate A recent study published in The New England Journal of Medicine sets out to investigate the effects of angiotensin II as a treatment. Shock can be a fatal syndrome as a result of decreased perfusion of vital organs which leads
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In a 2017 study, researchers explored the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the C-reactive protein gene and age-related macular degeneration. The findings suggest that C-reactive protein does not cause macular degeneration. Associations have been drawn between high levels of the inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – deterioration of the
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Gonorrhea is one of the most common STI (sexually transmitted infections) worldwide. In 2016, the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP) was developed to address the concerns regarding the emergence of multidrug-resistant gonorrhea and the need for new treatments. Gonorrhea, caused by Neisseria gonorrheae bacteria is one of the most common STIs (sexually transmitted
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Liver disease is a common cause of premature death in the UK. Recently, The Lancet Commission on Liver Disease highlighted the financial impact liver disease places on the national healthcare system and businesses, and suggested strategies to reduce these burdens. The negative impacts of liver disease on citizens under the age of 65 in the
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Acute kidney injury is a common condition seen by clinicians in different settings. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnosis and clinical management of this condition. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnostic methods and
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Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent advances in research and technology have helped in the understanding of the disease which in turn aids treatment and management. Community acquired pneumonia is one of the main causes of hospital admissions and healthcare professionals encounter community acquired pneumonia in different
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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the most common virus causing acute lower respiratory infection in young children. A recent comprehensive review study gives an updated estimate of the worldwide impact of RSV and provides key information to direct future vaccine development and implementation policy. Acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI), usually pneumonia or bronchiolitis, is
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  Hyperhidrosis is a common medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. A recent systematic literature review investigated the efficacy and safety of several common Hyperhidrosis therapies.   Hyperhidrosis is a chronic autonomic disorder characterized by excessive sweating that affects approximately 4.8% of the United States population. The condition can significantly reduce the quality of life
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Bordetella pertussis is a gram-negative bacillus which causes mild respiratory symptoms in adults but can be a life-threatening infection in children. In 2017, a group of researchers led by Mark Ebell, M.D. did a systematic review on the clinical diagnosis of this infection. Bordetella pertussis is a gram-negative bacillus which causes a mild respiratory infection
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There is an increased interest from policy makers into the emergency admissions andhospitalisation of individuals in nursing homes. A study was conducted to examine thehospitalization rate of nursing homes after the implementation of the INTERACT program. The Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers, INTERACT program, aims to increase the availability and quality of care at
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  Researchers have systematically evaluated antibiotic use in patients and concluded that antibiotics are still being overused.   Adverse drug effects are any injuries or negative reactions caused by taking a medication and are common even in everyday medications such as antibiotics. Recent recommendations have advised fewer antibiotic prescriptions, however, research has shown that as
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Viral infection with the hepatitis A has a low prevalence in Europe; however, a retrospective analysis found that while overall hepatitis A prevalence is decreasing, some regions still have a moderate to high risk of hepatitis A infection.   Hepatitis A is a disease caused by viral infection of the liver by the hepatitis A
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Rheumatoid arthritis affects 1% of the population and can cause permanent joint destruction and death. Chronic inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis is known to play a role in predisposing patients to heart disease and heart failure.   Mortality caused by rheumatoid arthritis is predominantly due to cardiovascular complications. With 50% of cardiovascular disease associated deaths
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Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing heart disease and diabetes. Previous studies have identified aerobic and resistance exercise as protective factors that potentially reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome. A study on middle-aged healthy adults found that both aerobic and resistance exercises decrease the risk of developing
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  Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-borne virus for which recent outbreaks in human populations have drawn a lot of interest from the scientific community. Luckily, a group of investigators recently reported the development of a monoclonal antibody with therapeutic potential in a macaque monkey model of the disease. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) can be transmitted to
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A study recently published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition sought to determine the most effective way to increase hemoglobin levels in anemic women, comparing iron supplementation with the use of iron ingots. Researchers concluded that the hemoglobin concentration did not significantly differ between the control group and either the iron ingot or iron-supplement group.
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