Diabetes

A recent systematic review and meta-analysis revealed a lack of association between incretin based drugs and mortality in patients with type II diabetes.   Type II diabetes mellitus is characterized by a lack of insulin sensitivity and elevated blood sugar. Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Current
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Current research suggests that an increased diet of ω-3 fatty acids is the key to treatment of common neovascular diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy.   Neovascular diseases comprise a broad spectrum of ocular disorders common in diabetes patients, premature infants, and elderly people. Neovascular diseases begin with neovascularization – the development of new blood vessels
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A specific genetic polymorphism in a gene involved in glucose regulation and insulin secretion is associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. (more info, click here !) Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease where the body does not use insulin properly, resulting in high blood sugar levels. Responsible for substantial economic
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A recently published study analyzes genetic influence on serum carotenoid concentration and its impact on obesity-related characteristics.   The increasing global prevalence of obesity has driven extensive research on lifestyle and genetic methods to control excess weight gain. Dietary intervention is the primary environmental variable used to tackle excess weight. It has been suggested that
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A protein enriched diet is considered a beneficial strategy for weight management and weight loss. As obesity is a known risk factor for Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) development, balancing diet with increased protein intake might be beneficial for T2D prevention.   Several short-term studies report a positive effect of a protein-enriched diet on weight loss
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Researchers find no evidence to suggest that exposure to dogs or farm animals in an infant’s first year of life is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes.   In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers associated with three Swedish universities and their affiliates questioned whether early exposure to dogs and other animals, which carry many
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A leading cause of blindness in adults aged 20 to 74 years in the United States is diabetic retinopathy (DR). To increase early detection and prevent vision loss, a recent study investigated the use of telemedicine for diabetic eye screening for patients in rural areas with type 1 or 2 diabetes.   The number of
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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are life-threatening complications of diabetes. UK and USA guidelines for treating diabetic emergencies have some important differences and further research is needed to define the best approach.   Diabetes is a common and important medical condition in which the body either cannot produce or becomes insensitive to
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A group of researchers followed a woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus who underwent laparoscopic islet transplantation. Over the course of 12 months, the woman consistently maintained normal blood glucose levels and establish an independence from exogenous insulin administration.   Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 is a disorder characterized by increased levels of glucose in the
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For over 20 years’ autologous hematopoietic stem cell treatment (AHSCT) has been a therapy for autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus; however, the exact mechanism of action remains unclear. Recent clinical research has also been exploring the use of stem cell therapy for type 1 diabetes, another autoimmune disease which affects
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A prospective secondary analysis of randomized clinical trial with 650 participants who underwent intra-vitreous anti-vascular growth factor (VEGF) therapy showed that at the end of 1 and 2 years, there was an improvement in diabetic retinopathy severity with aflibercept and ranibizumab performing better than bevacizumab.   Compared to laser treatment, treatment for diabetic macular edema
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Fish oil supplements which contain omega-3 fatty acids are thought to be beneficial for people at risk of heart disease or diabetes (metabolic syndrome) by potentially improving adipose (fat) tissue function. However, after six months of a high dose of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in patients who were overweight, obese and insulin-resistant, no beneficial effects
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A research group from New Zealand found that supplementation with HN001 probiotics from 14-16 weeks of pregnancy reduces the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus when compared to placebo.   Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preeclampsia, miscarriage, preterm birth, macrosomia, induction of labour and caesarean
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In a large review of over 360,000 type 2 diabetes patients, researchers compared the incidence of hospitalization for heart failure in those taking sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors with those taking other glucose lowering drugs. The SGLT-2 inhibitors group had a 39% reduction in hospitalization for heart failure.   Diabetes is an important and common medical
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A recently published study assesses the use of Semaglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue, as a treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes, in comparison with the dipeptidyl-4 inhibitor sitagliptin.   With increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes among various populations, multiple treatments have been developed in response to the demand. Research indicates that treatment of
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