Diabetes

A newly published study demonstrates the effects of antioxidants from vitamin supplements including vitamin E in patients with type 2 diabetes. The food we eat contain nutrients including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Of these nutrients, glucose is essential for body cells to utilise for the production of energy. It is especially crucial for
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Researchers reviewed the relationship between the immune system and diabetic kidney disease, and the impact of this potential effect on treatment options. High blood sugar levels can cause damage to the kidneys. This long-term condition, known as diabetic kidney disease, can progress to end-stage renal disease. Patients with end-stage renal disease usually require dialysis or
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Researchers conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis of several studies concerning the effects of exercise on those with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes contributes to the prevalence of cardiovascular disease. One way diabetes leads to cardiovascular disease is through poor vascular endothelial function. Previous research studies have suggested that exercise, a balanced diet, and
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A recent study investigated whether increasing the consumption of fat-free milk would affect metabolic syndrome in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Favouring glycemic control and weight loss, dairy products are a great source of nutrients and bioactive compounds with the potential for reducing inflammation and oxidative stress. In particular, low-fat products such as fat-free milk
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Researchers investigate the relationship between the treatment of diabetes mellitus and the growth of tumors in women with breast cancer. The increase in numbers of diabetes mellitus and breast cancer cases in recent years has made it important to determine whether there is a link between these two conditions. Diabetes mellitus occurs when the body
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Studies have shown that exercise can improve cognitive outcomes in healthy adults and those with cognitive impairment. Researchers investigated the effects of exercise on those with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and impaired glucose tolerance. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that is preceded by insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance that worsen over
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Drugs known to reduce cardiovascular problems or diabetes are staples in the medical community. A recent study, named the ACE Trial, evaluated the effectiveness of acarbose to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. With over 230 million people with heart disease in China, effective medication for this population is essential.Due to population growth
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High triglyceride and LDL cholesterol levels increase the risk of strokes and heart attacks. Researchers recently investigated whether substituting saturated fats with omega 6 can help to reduce the bad cholesterol levels that are associated with diabetes. Cholesterol is a substance found in cells and in the bloodstream. It plays a vital role in the
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Numerous investigations have observed associations between sleep quality and morbidity and mortality. A recent Japanese study published in PLoS ONE aimed to understand the link between glycemic control in diabetes and sleep quality. Sleep disorders are very common among diabetic patients. Poor sleep quality has been associated with an increased risk of the onset of
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A recent systemic review published in PLOS One evaluated evidence linking dietary intake and diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes, is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness worldwide. It is becoming a major public health concern especially given the rapid increase of diabetes incidence. Diabetic retinopathy causes damage to the blood vessels
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A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of introducing weight management programs to help treat and potentially make a clinical difference in patients with diabetes. Given that type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, a recent study published in Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism investigated whether the introduction of a weight management program has the potential to
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A recent study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the researchers compared the effect of individualized nutrition therapy that is provided by a dietitian with the effect of dietary advice from other healthcare professionals. Nutrition therapy is considered to be an integral part of treating type 2 diabetes. It is the application of
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Researchers reviewed data from twenty prospective studies to analyze the relationship between omega-6 fatty acids and type 2 diabetes. Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are found in nuts, seeds, and edible oils (such as most vegetable oils). They play an important role in growth and development. Certain clinical guidelines, such as the American Heart Association
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Researchers evaluated the safety and efficacy of ACE inhibitors and statins for the treatment of urinary albumin in adolescent type 1 diabetics.   Abnormally high urinary levels of albumin – a protein normally abundant in blood, but rare in urine – are associated with an increased risk of kidney dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Adolescent type
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Researchers recently investigated the long-term effectiveness of diabetes prevention approaches on the incidence of diabetes-related mortality and morbidity. Currently, diabetes affects over 415 million adults worldwide and this is expected to increase to as many as 642 million adults by the year 2040. Since diabetes treatment cost the US healthcare system over $245 billion in
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Researchers recently looked at whether using iodine supplements during pregnancy could benefit the offspring’s neurocognitive development. Iodine is a vital component of thyroid hormones, which are essential for many aspects of fetal growth and development. Its role in fetal brain development is particularly important, with some studies implying that maternal iodine deficiency may be associated
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