Diabetes

Researchers conducted a review of previous research to determine the effects of dragon fruit in diabetes management. Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are diagnosed using blood sugar levels. A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood sugar levels after approximately eight hours without eating. The two hours post-prandial glucose (2HPP) test measures blood sugar levels
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A team of American researchers may have identified a drug that can do it all – reversing diabetes and obesity all while helping us build stronger bones. Common diabetes treatments often leave patients prone to bone fractures and osteoporosis. This is because many diabetes medications often have a negative side effect: they block our body’s
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Researchers investigate genetic risk factors to determine whether women are more likely to inherit type 2 diabetes and whether it is transmitted equally by both parents. Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes. Although lifestyle factors such as hypertension, diet and excess weight can increase risk, this condition can also be passed
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Researchers determine whether there is a higher risk of weight gain depending on a woman’s BMI and if weight gain between pregnancies is an independent factor from gestational diabetes. Being overweight during pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), however, the underlying reason behind this is unclear. GDM refers to any degree
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A randomized controlled trial split patients using continuous glucose monitoring into two treatment groups, one using insulin pumps and the other using insulin injections. The results show that the insulin pump group gained better control over the stabilization of glucose levels. Type I diabetes is a disease that affects more than 300,000 Canadians. It is
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  Complementary therapies are an appealing option for many patients with chronic disease. A recent study suggests supplementation with mulberry leaf extract may help decrease blood glucose levels after meals in patients with type 2 diabetes.   Mulberry leaves have a history of anecdotal use in Asia to treat glucose irregularities and studies in diabetic
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An aimed to investigate whether the consumption of sweetened beverages was linked with diabetes mellitus risk factors. It was concluded that sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages were associated with, respectively, 43% and 21% increased risks of developing diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an increasing burden on the public health system due to the widespread
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A meta-analysis combining results across studies assessed outcomes of tight versus standard glucose management on the prevention of onset and progression of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in diabetic patients. Study results suggest that diabetic patients who were under stringent glucose control have a comparable risk of kidney failure to those under standard glucose management.  
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Diabetic foot ulcers are one of the most common complications affecting diabetic patients. A recent review article outlines preventative measures that can decrease the odds of developing foot ulcers.   Diabetic foot ulcers, especially on the bottom of the foot, are a common problem in diabetics. Up to 26.1 million diabetic patients worldwide are estimated
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Lifestyle interventions were effective in reducing the rate of diagnosis of diabetes in prediabetic adults when compared with standard treatment with medication. Researchers also noted improved control of blood sugar, improved exercise capacity, and increased weight loss with lifestyle adaptations. Nevertheless, issues with adherence to lifestyle changes caused deterioration in long-term health improvements.   George
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A recent systematic review and meta-analysis revealed a lack of association between incretin based drugs and mortality in patients with type II diabetes.   Type II diabetes mellitus is characterized by a lack of insulin sensitivity and elevated blood sugar. Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Current
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Current research suggests that an increased diet of ω-3 fatty acids is the key to treatment of common neovascular diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy.   Neovascular diseases comprise a broad spectrum of ocular disorders common in diabetes patients, premature infants, and elderly people. Neovascular diseases begin with neovascularization – the development of new blood vessels
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A specific genetic polymorphism in a gene involved in glucose regulation and insulin secretion is associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. (more info, click here !) Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease where the body does not use insulin properly, resulting in high blood sugar levels. Responsible for substantial economic
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A recently published study analyzes genetic influence on serum carotenoid concentration and its impact on obesity-related characteristics.   The increasing global prevalence of obesity has driven extensive research on lifestyle and genetic methods to control excess weight gain. Dietary intervention is the primary environmental variable used to tackle excess weight. It has been suggested that
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A protein enriched diet is considered a beneficial strategy for weight management and weight loss. As obesity is a known risk factor for Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) development, balancing diet with increased protein intake might be beneficial for T2D prevention.   Several short-term studies report a positive effect of a protein-enriched diet on weight loss
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Researchers find no evidence to suggest that exposure to dogs or farm animals in an infant’s first year of life is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes.   In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers associated with three Swedish universities and their affiliates questioned whether early exposure to dogs and other animals, which carry many
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A leading cause of blindness in adults aged 20 to 74 years in the United States is diabetic retinopathy (DR). To increase early detection and prevent vision loss, a recent study investigated the use of telemedicine for diabetic eye screening for patients in rural areas with type 1 or 2 diabetes.   The number of
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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are life-threatening complications of diabetes. UK and USA guidelines for treating diabetic emergencies have some important differences and further research is needed to define the best approach.   Diabetes is a common and important medical condition in which the body either cannot produce or becomes insensitive to
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