Children

Researchers studied whether complete blood cell count (CBC) tests are accurate in identifying invasive bacterial infections in babies under two months old. Babies with fevers are often seen in hospital emergency departments to check whether they have serious bacterial infections such as urinary tract infection, bacteremia (blood infection), or bacterial meningitis (infection of the membranes
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Recent studies determine whether public smoking bans decrease the amount of children being admitted to the hospital for lower respiratory tract infections. Smoking has a direct impact on the respiratory system. The toxins and carcinogens found in cigarettes travel along the respiratory tract and can lead to both benign and malignant diseases at any point
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A recent study determined whether there is a relationship between childhood obesity and risk of stroke in adulthood. Childhood obesity is a rising health concern that has reached epidemic proportions throughout the world. Obese children have a high risk of developing health problems as adults. One of the major health concerns related to childhood obesity
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Iron-deficiency anemia affects millions of people around the world. Although iron-deficiency anemia is usually easily treated, it may cause impaired neurodevelopment in young children if left untreated. American researchers, therefore, determined whether ferrous sulfate can effectively resolve iron-deficiency anemia in children. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) occurs when the body’s iron stores become diminished. This leads to
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A new study tested whether providing parents with height monitoring information improved their child’s height and other developmental outcomes. Monitoring growth is an important means to identify whether a child is growing and developing normally. Despite the continued high prevalence of faltering growth, height monitoring remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries. When a
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Researchers determine whether two childhood obesity interventions and links to community resources resulted in improved family-centered outcomes for childhood obesity. A recent study published in JAMA Pediatrics looked at the effectiveness of two childhood obesity interventions and links to community sources and whether they help improve weight management. The 2-arm, blinded, randomized clinical trial was
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A recent review of clinical data supported the findings that norovirus gastroenteritis is associated with seizures in children under the age of five. Also studied were the clinical characteristics of patients in the group and the differences between those with and without fever symptoms. Gastroenteritis, more commonly known as the stomach flu, is an inflammation
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Disclaimer The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. This information should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis or treatment. Please consult your health care provider before making any healthcare decisions or
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Attitudes toward breastfeeding have a chequered past despite the many positive health benefits it provides and its association with children’s cognitive development. Currently, the UK has one of the lowest rates of breastfeeding in the world, mainly due to social attitudes. Although policies promoting breastfeeding have been introduced in the UK, it appears that greater
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A study published recently in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated whether a higher consumption of milk alternatives as opposed to cow milk will result in lower heights during childhood. A wealth of research evidence exists supporting the idea that height is a crucial measure of a child’s development and nutritional status. Relatedly, consuming
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A recently published review in JAMA Pediatrics considers historical reasons and present implications of testing for respiratory tract infections in children. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children are a major cost and burden to the healthcare system. These respiratory tract infections, like bronchiolitis, the common cold, and seasonal influenza, affect physician and nursing time, emergency
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When extremely preterm infants are born, they often experience problems breathing on their own and require assisted ventilation. However, despite less invasive ventilation methods now being used a recent study has found that there was no significant improvement in the newborn’s long-term lung function. Substantial changes in assisted ventilation have been seen over the last
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A novel study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated the plausible relationships between infant feeding methods (breastfeeding and formula feeding), patterns of growth, and future obesity risk from 0-7 months of age. Prior research studies have established that a high body mass index (BMI) and increased rate of weight gain during infancy
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A new study validates the use of minimally invasive autopsies (MIAs) to accurately determine the cause of death in stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Since MIAs are less invasive, simpler, and more feasible, they could be an excellent tool to guide the development of preventative strategies to improve child survival in low-income, high-burden communities.   Each
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Parent-based treatment (PBT) programs and family-based treatment (FBT) programs are  similarly effective for child weight loss. Moreover, PBT is also effective for parent weight loss and energy intake, in addition to improving physical activity for both child and parent.   Since one-third of American children are classified as obese or overweight, effective treatment programs are
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A recent study examined whether diet during pregnancy influences fat mass and adiposity in newborns.   Many studies have reported links between maternal diet and birth outcomes and weight, indicating that maternal health and nutritional status play a key role in the future health of offspring. Diet during pregnancy has been associated with newborn adiposity
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