Month: March 2018

Researchers in Korea recently conducted a review of previous studies to investigate the relationship between night work and breast cancer. Shift work that disrupts circadian rhythm was first classified as being “probably carcinogenic to humans” by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2007. Since then, there has been increasing concern regarding work-related
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Researchers investigated the efficacy and safety of narrow or broad-spectrum antibiotics to treat upper respiratory tract infections in children. Ear, sinus, and throat infections are the most commonly diagnosed infections in children and antibiotics are often prescribed. Guidelines for prescribing antibiotics differ greatly. The American Academy of Pediatrics typically recommends the use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics,
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Researchers conducted a novel study examining the use of light therapy to relieve the symptoms of depression in patients with bipolar disorder. Light therapy has long been known to relieve the symptoms of certain mood disorders, possibly by altering the circadian rhythms. The circadian rhythm, in layman’s terms, is the body’s way of determining what
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Researchers investigated the effects of a lemon verbena supplement or a placebo on muscle strength and recovery after a strenuous exercise test. Muscle fatigue and soreness is a common malady after an exhaustive exercise session. The muscle fibers become stressed and inflamed and need time to recover. A novel lemon verbena extract (sold as Recoverben®)
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A recent meta-analysis of past studies seeks to understand the relationship between meat consumption and risk of depression. The prevalence of depression rises globally year after year. The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that over 350 million people suffer from depression worldwide. With such a ubiquitous mental health issue, Chinese researchers sought to analyze past
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A recent Canadian study published in PLoS ONE searched for a link between women playing action video games and their visuomotor-related brain activity. Recent developments in rehabilitation sciences have suggested that video games may be a valuable source of training attention and visuospatial associated skills. Action video games, in particular, are designed to engage the
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Although there has been strong evidence emphasizing benefits of falls prevention programs, fall incidences in the older adult population is increasing. A recently published study outlines organizations’ perspectives on barriers that limit an older adult’s participation in a fall prevention program and strategies to optimize these programs. Falls among older adults are preventable through lifestyle
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Researchers in the US determine whether an antibody drug, solanezumab, can slow cognitive decline in patients with mild dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is thought to arise from a buildup of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain. Those with Alzheimer’s disease may also show signs of mild dementia. The Aβ hypothesis suggests that Aβ
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Edema associated with phases of the menstrual cycle may have an effect on athletic performance. A recent study investigated how athletic agility is influenced by menstrual cycle-related edema in college-aged women. Edema, commonly known as water retention, is when water builds up in body cavities or tissues. Edema of the lower limbs related to menstruation
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A lack of sleep can interfere with one’s physical, mental, social, and emotional well-being. Researchers recently investigated whether supplementing with chamomile extract is effective at reducing insomnia in older adults. Difficulty going to sleep or remaining asleep can cause major disturbances during nightfall.This disturbance in sleep pattern, known as insomnia, can lead to chronic conditions
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A recent study investigated the effectiveness of continuous aerobic training and super circuit training in improving health in patients with heart disease. Exercise is often recommended by physicians and health care providers as a tool for improving overall health and outcomes in patients with heart disease. Continuous moderate aerobic training (CAT), which includes cycling and
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A massive meta-analysis of global MRI imaging data on epilepsy patients seeks to clarify a complicated and mysterious neurological disorder. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures, which can vary from mild and almost undetectable to severe, featuring vigorous shaking. Almost 40 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy. Epileptic seizures are caused by
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An eight-year study investigated the effects of inadequate levels of dietary magnesium in older frail individuals. Magnesium deficiency may go underdiagnosed in young and middle-aged adults for several years. However, in the older population, factors associated with poor nutrition such as frailty, make magnesium deficiency more detectable. Frailty is a clinical syndrome that is characterized
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Drugs known to reduce cardiovascular problems or diabetes are staples in the medical community. A recent study, named the ACE Trial, evaluated the effectiveness of acarbose to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. With over 230 million people with heart disease in China, effective medication for this population is essential.Due to population growth
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A recent study in The British Medical Journal has evaluated the impact of eight leading chronic diseases and physical activity on cancer risk. Most of us dread the question: how much cancer risk do we carry given our disease history and current lifestyle? While there has been no single definitive answer to this question, there have been numerous epidemiological
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