Multiple sclerosis is a serious neurological disease with severe symptoms affecting the quality of life. Researchers from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia review what’s known about whether curcumin benefits the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis, known colloquially as MS, is a degenerative disease affecting the central nervous system. In MS, an abnormal immune response
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that typically affects adults over 65 years old. Researchers recently investigated if caffeine and caffeine metabolites can be used as biomarkers to effectively diagnose Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that progressively leads to loss of bodily movement. Currently, it is estimated that 55,000 Canadians (0.2% of the Canadian population) are living with Parkinson’s disease, making
A newly published study on the effects of a sedentary lifestyle has examined associations between physical activity and physical functioning in a geriatric population. Physical functioning is a key determinant of health for geriatric populations. The drop in the physical function has been found to be associated with disability and mortality. With the increasingly aging
A study published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth aimed to provide evidence that behaviour change interventions can reduce secondhand-smoke exposure in pregnant women. The number of daily smokers has increased with a high prevalence of smoking in men. Exposure to second-hand smoke can result in various health outcomes, such as ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory
A recent study, published in BMC Geriatrics, investigates the association between total cholesterol and mortality in geriatric patients. It further explores whether this association can be altered with the use of cholesterol-lowering drugs. The association between high levels of total cholesterol and the increased risk of mortality in young and middle-aged people is well established.
A new study on lactose metabolism examines the presence of the dairy sugar lactose in the serum of healthy young male volunteers after the consumption of a large quantity of milk or yogurt. There is no lactose transporting protein present in the intestine, and therefore, the presence of lactose in the blood is not expected.
In a recent article published in The Lancet Neurology, researchers from Hamburg, Germany summarize what is currently known about cluster headaches. Cluster headaches are characterized by headache attacks causing pain on one side of the head, lasting for 15–180 minutes and occurring up to eight times a day. Unlike a migraine headache where individuals seek
A recently published study has examined the effects of psychological well-being on lipid profiles including HDL cholesterol levels. For many years the link between psychological well-being and lipid profiles has been studied. Initially, it was found that there was a negative correlation between cholesterol and moods. This means that as cholesterol levels increased, mood decreased.
Researchers from East Carolina University performed a study using mice to look at the effects of exercise in reversing metabolic dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurological degenerative condition that leads to cognitive decline and memory loss. Alzheimer’s disease is strongly associated with aging and it is believed that over time, specific
A recent article published in Immunity & Ageing reviews the various mechanisms involved in allergic diseases in the elderly. Our immune system plays an important role in protecting us against foreign substances and pathogens. Throughout our lives, our immune cells can become primed to react to unwanted entities, but an over-reaction by the immune system
A new study based in the UK used a mathematical model to determine whether the HPV vaccine will reduce the number of cervical screenings required. Human papilloma virus (HPV) can lead to the development of cervical cancer. In particular, patients with HPV types 16 and 18 are known to be at a high risk of
A study including over 15,000 students investigated whether added sugars and low-quality carbohydrates are associated with a higher risk of depression. Depression a leading global cause of disability in various parts of the world and can cause mental distress, anxiety, and lead to suicide in some cases. Sugar consumption has been on the rise in
A recent study published in the British Medical Journal determines whether there is a correlation between the occurrence of rainfall and achy joints. It is widely believed that changes in the weather can contribute to the intensity of back and joint pain, especially for patients diagnosed with arthritis. Previous research on the topic, however, has
A recent study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the researchers compared the effect of individualized nutrition therapy that is provided by a dietitian with the effect of dietary advice from other healthcare professionals. Nutrition therapy is considered to be an integral part of treating type 2 diabetes. It is the application of
A recent Swiss study examined three leading sports watches, Suunto, Garmin, and Polar, for their accuracy in measuring energy expenditure. The market for sports watches has been growing in recent years. Indeed, these popular and relatively inexpensive devices look to be a perfect fit for today’s active lifestyles. Comparison of Suunto, Garmin, and Polar Brand
A 2017 study investigated the effects of the increased adoption of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths among American women, demonstrating how aggressive it might be. Unfortunately, most cases are diagnosed in the advanced stages because there are no reliable early symptoms or
Researchers out of London used BMI values from parents and their adult children to evaluate a common adage, fat but fit, that being overweight can promote longevity. The claim that being “fat but fit” is advantageous for increasing one’s lifespan has grown over the years. It is thought that an elevated body mass index (BMI)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), affecting more than 11% of people worldwide, causes abdominal pain, bloating, and irregular bowel movements. A recent clinical trial in Norway investigated whether fecal transplants could restore a healthy gut microbiome and relieve irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes abdominal pain, bloating, and abnormal frequency and consistency of
Motorcycle crashes are a very common cause of mortality and some hypothesize that a full moon increases the likelihood of motorcycle-related deaths. A new study published in the British Medical Journal assessed whether a full moon contributes to motorcycle crashes in the US, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia. Motorcycle crashes are a very common cause of
In a recent article published in JAMA Psychiatry, researchers compare two psychological methods of treatment for PTSD after a natural disaster. Survivors of a natural disaster have a high risk of poor mental health.Natural disasters could result in disruptions in day-to-day life that may reduce the pace of normalization and recovery. It could also limit
Researchers in Canada examined whether childhood health behaviours predicted a later diagnosis of adolescent internalizing disorders. Mental health continues to be a burden across the globe. Approximately one in four people will experience one or more episodes of poor mental health in their lifetime. Half of all cases of poor mental health occur during adolescence.
Researchers in Sweden investigated the relationship between vitamin D and breast cancer risk, and how that risk is modified by genetics. Less than 10% of breast cancers are considered hereditary and only 3-4% of breast cancers are linked to known breast cancer genes. More recent studies have uncovered genetic changes that may be associated with
A recent study investigated factors that may influence attitudes towards doping in a cohort of Korean national athletes competing in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Despite efforts by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), the rate of positive doping tests remains approximately 2%. Most anti-doping approaches involve a detection approach, where regular doping controls and severe
A study published in BMC Research Notes reported results on how First Nations women compared to Caucasian women concerning perceived physical and mental health. First Nations, or Indigenous peoples, are the first inhabitants of what is now known as Canada. They currently make up around 4% of Canada’s population. Several health studies have been conducted
Researchers investigate the effects of light therapy on sleep disturbances and depression in older adults with mild cognitive impairments from dementia. Pathological changes in the brain can lead to mild cognitive impairment followed by dementia. This mild cognitive impairment is a transitional stage between healthy aging and dementia and is characterized as impairment in one
Smoking is known to cause damage to DNA, but very little is known regarding the effects of smoking on different susceptibility genes in colorectal cancer. A recent study in South Korea and published in BMC Cancer examined the interaction between smoking and colorectal cancer susceptibility genes. Smoking is a known risk factor for many types
An episodic migraine is a debilitating headache disorder with few effective and safe preventative treatments available. Researchers in this study conducted a trial on erenumab, to determine its effectiveness in providing relief for people suffering from episodic migraines. Migraines are defined as a debilitating headache disorder that manifests as a throbbing headache which can last
A recent study investigated whether a low sodium diet or treatment with paricalcitol or both could help type 2 diabetic patients at risk of kidney failure. Approximately 35% of patients with diabetes suffer from diabetic kidney disease, which is the number one cause worldwide for end-stage kidney disease. The presence of abnormal levels of albumin,