Month: January 2018

In a recent study, researchers determine whether financial incentives would improve breastfeeding rates in a UK population. Although breastfeeding and its numerous effects on a newborn’s well-being have long been established as being extremely beneficial, financial incentives could have greater effects on improving breastfeeding rates in communities where breastfeeding rates are low. This study, published
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European researchers used two large population studies to determine how paternal depression symptoms may influence depression symptoms in teens. According to lead researcher Gemma Lewis, the incidence of depression increases markedly around 13 years of age with a majority of adults confirming their initial depressive symptoms occurring around the same time during adolescence. A mother’s
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Researchers at Spark Therapeutics and Pfizer tested the safety and efficacy of a new hemophilia gene therapy vector for the treatment of hemophilia B. The body’s ability to stop bleeding and repair damaged blood vessels depends heavily upon a variety of clot-forming enzymes. Deficiency in one such enzyme, coagulation factor IX, results in the development
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The risk for type 2 diabetes can be decreased by changing lifestyle, especially diet. Danish researchers Ibsen and colleagues investigate whether whole-fat or low-fat dairy products are equivalent in reducing type 2 diabetes risk. Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common condition in which individuals develop insulin resistance. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes
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A large trial in the UK compared behavioural activation therapy and self-guided therapy for those with both intellectual disability and depression. Mental health illnesses do not discriminate and are widespread across all populations. Some populations are particularly vulnerable; in fact, among the intellectually disabled, as many as 40% live with a mental health illness. Some
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Researchers investigated whether a nutritional product called LipiDiDiet can delay the progression of cognitive decline in early Alzheimer’s patients. Since the first signs of cognitive decline can appear in early Alzheimer’s several years before the onset of dementia, early interventions may help to stabilize cognitive functioning and prolong independence. LipiDiDiet is a medical nutrition drink
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A recent study examines the relationship between colorectal cancer risk and high blood glucose levels, insulin levels, and insulin resistance in a cohort study. Colorectal cancer, which comprises cancers that originate in the colon or rectum, is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers around the world. There is a noticeable correlation between colorectal cancer
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Scientists are investigating the effectiveness of using galcanezumab to prevent migraines, a monoclonal antibody that targets the proteins involved in migraine pathophysiology. Migraines are chronic, debilitating headaches that can last a few hours or up to a few days. The cost to migraine sufferers is quite high when considering absenteeism from school or work and
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Modern hormonal contraceptives are used frequently worldwide among women. A research group recently analyzed whether modern hormonal contraceptives affected breast cancer risk among pre-menopausal women in Denmark. It is estimated that over 140 million women worldwide use hormonal contraception. The hormone estrogen is known to contribute to the initiation of breast cancer. Because hormonal contraception
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A recent study published inEnvironmental Health evaluates the association between air pollution such as ozone and particulate matter and cardiovascular disease. Air pollution is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Based on epidemiological studies, the strongest association occurs between particulate matter (the sum of tiny particles and liquid droplets suspended in the air) and
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An exciting new clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of using avatar therapy to treat the auditory hallucinations that are often experienced by patients with schizophrenia. Avatar therapy is a new experimental therapy involving a conversation between a patient with schizophrenia and a computer-generated avatar representing their auditory hallucinations. In an exciting new breakthrough, a recent
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A recent study evaluated the effects of a low-fat and a high-fat diet on cardiometabolic risk indicators in metabolically healthy obese individuals. There is convincing evidence to show adverse effects of obesity and overweight on health. Overweight and obese people often have unhealthy metabolic profiles such as impaired glucose metabolism, elevated lipid profiles, systemic inflammation,
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A review study conducted in the USA has investigated the occurrence of overdiagnosis of optic neuritis and established its incidence and main causes. Optic neuritis is an acute inflammatory optic disease characterized by demyelination of the optic nerve. Demyelination is the process by which nerves, in this case, the optic nerve, lose their “insulating” coat,
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A cross-sectional study investigates the joint effects of dietary patterns and watching TV for long periods of time on the risk of heart disease. Cardiovascular disease (CVD), commonly known as heart disease, remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Studies have identified several risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including hypertension (elevated
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Researchers from Denver, Colorado examined if high-intensity Parkinson’s disease exercises were safe and whether they slowed symptom progression. What is Parkinson’s Disease? Parkinson’s disease is a disorder in which the nervous system gradually deteriorates. Although the disease affects individuals differently, early symptoms typically include hand tremors, slow movement, stiffness, diminished facial expression, and slurred speech.
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A recent American study examined the effectiveness of popular caffeinated and non-caffeinated pre-workout supplements. The dietary supplement market is a substantial one, accounting for an economic impact of over $121 billion in the United States in 2016.  A popular category in this industry is that of pre-workout supplements, which aim to amplify feelings of energy
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A recent news story in Science discusses why targeting the LEAP2-ghrelin system may help to treat chronic conditions such as obesity and diabetes. Twenty years ago, researchers discovered the “hunger hormone” ghrelin. Investigators initially thought that ghrelin might stimulate one’s appetite; therefore, it was logical to hypothesize that blocking it would reduce one’s appetite and
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A recent meta-analysis compares lumbar disc herniation surgery options, ranking them on their rates of success, complication, and reoperation. The vast majority of cases of sciatica are due to the compression of nerves in the lumbar discs of the spine, which is the most common condition leading to spinal surgery. The standard treatment for lumbar
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A recent study published in the Annals of General Psychiatry examines the factors that may protect against obsessive compulsive symptoms in Greek adolescents. Obsessive compulsive symptoms include recurring thoughts that cannot be ignored. While these thoughts and actions can constitute a normal part of development, if they continue they may develop into obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD),
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Researchers in Tehran investigated whether the level of variety in the daily diet is related to stress and depression in women. Mental health issues are an increasing global concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that depressive disorders make up the third largest burden of disease worldwide. Several studies have highlighted the importance of a
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American researchers recently conducted a study investigating whether weight management that involves parents and children successfully can lead to weight loss. Over the last three decades, significant increases in obesity rates and the prevalence of overweight individuals have been observed in the United States. Although increases in obesity have been observed in all racial groups,
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Researchers investigated the association between lifestyle factors and the likelihood of suffering from GERD, also known as gastro-esophageal reflux disease. Most people will experience occasional bouts of acid reflux. However, if an individual experiences acid refluxes more than twice weekly, they may be diagnosed with gastro-esophageal reflux disease, commonly known as GERD.  Over 15 million
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Researchers piloted a study to investigate the potential of using virtual reality (VR) training systems in stroke rehabilitation. Following a stroke, survivors are often left with physical and mental disabilities. Nine out of ten stroke survivors are left with some degree of upper limb motor impairment, thus making it the most prevalent post-stroke disability suffered.
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