Month: December 2017

Researchers examined the relationship between gait stability and physical activity in older adults performing treadmill exercises. Walking is a good physical activity, and previous studies have found that it provides improved gait stability in the elderly. As published in the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, researchers recently used treadmill exercises to evaluate the
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Researchers determine the effects of aspirin in preventing the development of recurrent colorectal tumors to solidify recommendations for their use. The presence of adenomas (benign tumors) in the colon prompts immediate attention since the majority of cancers develop from an adenoma. Patients who are most at risk of developing new adenomas are those with a
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A recent study determines the frequency at which Canadian supermarkets promote healthy and less healthy cereals for breakfast. More than one in nine Canadian children are currently classed as obese. Past research has demonstrated that obesity is linked to the consumption of unhealthy food and since supermarkets are where most food spending occurs, they influence
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Studies have shown that musical interventions have a positive impact on our physical health. A recent review published in Perspectives in Public Health looked at whether the benefits of music also apply to our mental wellbeing. Ways to improve our physical health and well-being are constantly being investigated and the results often contribute to the
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In a recent study, Dutch researchers investigated whether there is a link between tumour gene activity and responsiveness to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Due to the diverse nature of metastatic breast cancers (in which cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body and may have mutated further), it is difficult
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To determine how the microbiome may be shaped by the seasonal Inuit diet, researchers compare the fecal bacteria of the Inuit to city-dwelling Canadians. The human digestive tract is home to over a thousand species of microbes from bacteria, to fungi, and even viruses. Termed the gut microbiome, researchers have shown that the types of
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Researchers in Japan have evaluated a new multimodal approach for neck rejuvenation. Cosmetic neck rejuvenation is one of the most challenging cosmetic procedures for clinicians. A multi-modal approach is necessary because so many factors contribute to the aging of the neck. A multimodal approach to rejuvenate the neck was reported and published in the Journal
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Researchers will soon conduct a study on the effectiveness of a team-based exercise app through Facebook, meant to increase moderate to vigorous exercise. Physical inactivity is a well-known and serious behavioral risk factor for a variety of health conditions. Widespread physical inactivity, unfortunately, places an intense financial burden on society. At present, the Australian guidelines
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A recent meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials assessed the efficacy of two drug treatments in reducing mortality in heart failure patients. Chronic heart failure affects 1-2% of the adult population in developed countries and it has one of the highest morbidity and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease globally. It is thus crucial to decrease the
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In a recently published review, researchers examine the relationship between antihypertensive medications and the risk of major cardiovascular events. How is Blood Pressure Measured? When the heart beats, it pushes blood through your arteries to the rest of your body.  This creates pressure in the blood vessels.  The amount of pressure in the arteries is
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Researchers in Finland looked at whether an apple polyphenol extract could improve arterial health in 60 volunteers who had mildly raised blood pressure.   Atherosclerosis is a build-up of fatty material on the inside wall of arteries. Over time, this material becomes fibrous and the arterial walls lose their elasticity, so atherosclerosis is sometimes referred
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A world-wide meta- analysis involving the results of 88 clinical trials determined breast cancer recurrence outcomes 5-20 years after endocrine therapy. Endocrine therapy has proven quite beneficial for breast cancer therapy, even significantly reducing breast cancer recurrence in estrogen-receptor-positive patients when administered adjuvantly for five years. Furthermore, extending the time for which adjuvant endocrine therapy
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Researchers investigate whether aerobic exercise performance can be improved by consuming certain combinations of micronutrients. Micronutrients, which include vitamins and minerals, are essential for maintaining health and well-being. Evidence also shows that some minerals such as iron, copper, and zinc, can actually improve aerobic exercise performance by various means. Yet intake of these three particular
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A study looked at the perceived barriers to implementing lifestyle changes for preventing heart disease among different socio-demographic populations. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and death in many countries. It is well-studied that a healthy lifestyle leads to a 67-72% lower risk of developing heart failure and that 80% of CVD
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A descriptive study of food advertisement seeks to understand product promotion in the realm of online marketing strategies. Food and beverage giants influence poor dietary choices in both developed and undeveloped countries. The disconnect between nutrition and health may lie in the comprehensive online marketing strategies of food companies, which tailor their sales approach differently
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Botulinum toxin manufacturers recommend avoiding anticoagulants during therapy. Researchers recently conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the risk. Botulinum toxin (BT), also known as Botox®, is a neurotoxin that is commonly used for cosmetic and muscle relaxation therapies. Once injected into muscle tissue, BT quickly inactivates surrounding nerves causing muscle paralysis which reduces muscle tension.
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Researchers evaluated the safety and efficacy of ACE inhibitors and statins for the treatment of urinary albumin in adolescent type 1 diabetics.   Abnormally high urinary levels of albumin – a protein normally abundant in blood, but rare in urine – are associated with an increased risk of kidney dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Adolescent type
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Researchers from Toronto reveal an innovative approach to study brain changes linked to working memory loss in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia Dementia is a general term for the loss of memory and other cognitive skills. Unlike cognitive impairment associated with normal aging, the cognitive decline associated with dementia is serious enough
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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and confused thinking. A new study published in JAMA Psychiatry assessed whether inflammation was associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder affecting approximately 0.7% of the population. Individuals with schizophrenia often experience hallucinations and delusions and fail to understand
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