Month: August 2017

Researchers find that proactively removing more than 24 lymph nodes can help the long term outcome of patients with Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Surgical nodal dissection or excision involves removing lymph nodes affected by cancer and simultaneously determining the stage of cancer.Benefits of such measures include staging cancer and limiting the spread of cancer
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A recent article in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has shown that dietary calcium intakes can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in Korean women while having neutral effects on stroke and fracture risk.   Nutrition specialists are now recommending calcium supplements for everyone. Calcium is one of the essential minerals which have been shown
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Scientists at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia asked the question; “what is the association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and car crashes involving young adult drivers, and does this vary by sex, licensing age, and/or being prescribed ADHD medication?” Car crashes are the leading cause of death
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  In a 2017 study, researchers explored the risks and benefits of levothyroxine for subclinical hypothyroidism treatment in older adults. The findings suggest levothyroxine does not improve hypothyroidism symptoms.   Hypothyroidism – underproduction of the thyroid hormone thyroxine and compensatory overproduction of the pituitary hormone which promotes its release, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) –can have profound
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For those with ADHD, the use of ADHD medication is associated with better performance on higher education entrance tests. This evidence should be considered together with the current list of risks and benefits of ADHD medication to guide clinical practice. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common among children and adults alike and can have a negative
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With the increase in fast foods, plus the increase in electronics and the cyber world. Childhood obesity has become nationally recognized. This chronic condition has increased rapidly over the past years with many more children becoming the next generation of obese teens, and eventually obese adults and obese seniors. With obesity being one of the
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Metabolic syndrome and non alcoholic fatty liver disease are conditions that are becoming more prevalent due to an increase of fructose and fats in our diets. A new study examines the role of citrulline in preventing endotoxin-induced injury in a rat model of non alcoholic fatty liver disease and finds that citrulline is able to prevent an inflammatory
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Human PapillomaVirus (HPV) diagnostic tests are commonly performed among PAP positive women, but their impact on the detection, severity and disease management of cervical intraepithalialneoplasia (CIN) remains poorly understood. A recent study suggests HPV tests may indeed improve timing and detection rates of Atypical Squamous Cells and CIN among PAP positive women.   Human PapillomaVirus
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 A recent study used nutritional metabolomics to identify diet-related metabolites as potential breast cancer risk factors. The findings show that prediagnostic serum concentrations of metabolites related to alcohol, vitamin E, and animal fats were associated with an increased breast cancer risk. Breast cancer is currently the leading global cause of cancer-related deaths in women. There
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A small-molecule drug inhibitor called vismodegib successfully treated a dire case of infiltrative basal cell carcinoma. According to the authors, this case qualifies as a first to report a complete remission for this subset of skin cancer.   Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most common types of skin cancer. For patients with
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  Commentators warn that the new regulations, published by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), for nutrition facts label could lead manufacturers to make changes to the vitamin and mineral content of fortified foods and supplements.   Regulations requiring food manufacturers to provide nutritional information on product packaging were established in the US by the
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A meta-analysis combining results across studies assessed outcomes of tight versus standard glucose management on the prevention of onset and progression of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in diabetic patients. Study results suggest that diabetic patients who were under stringent glucose control have a comparable risk of kidney failure to those under standard glucose management.  
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  Human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for causing cervical cancer in many women worldwide, and successful screening programs have been accredited with helping to increase the capacity to identify and treat precancerous and pre-invasive disease. Quantitative methylation of the POU4F3 gene biomarker is a valuable tool for high-grade CIN detection.   Cervical cancer, caused by the human
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Modern workplaces are becoming increasingly sedentary in nature, putting the health of many employees at risk. A Finnish study recently evaluated an intervention program designed to decrease sedentary behavior and improve workplace health in employees. Sedentary behavior (SB), defined as excessive periods of inactivity, increases the risk of several chronic diseases. Although this can be
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  Chronic kidney disease is both a cause and consequence of hypertension. In patients with both conditions, accurate evaluation and a tailored treatment program are essential for successful hypertension management.     Blood circulates through the body at a certain pressure within the arteries. This pressure changes depending on activity levels– elevating during exercise, to
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Stress urinary incontinence, a condition in which individuals experience incontinence during physical exertion, could affect up to half of older adults and may lead to a reduction in quality of life. In a randomized clinical trial, Liu and colleagues show that electroacupuncture may be an effective treatment for stress urinary incontinence.   Stress urinary incontinence,
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The National Audit Office (NAO) published a report on July 27th regarding the inappropriate handling of unprocessed clinical correspondence, leading to a backlog, by the NHS Shared Business Services (NHS SBS).   The National Audit Office (NAO) in the United Kingdom published a report on July 27th regarding the inappropriate handling of unprocessed clinical correspondence
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