Month: July 2017

Researchers in Germany have developed “artificial tongues” which can reliably identify different types of whisky. This technique could be used to detect counterfeit whiskies and may have many other applications in the future.   Being able to reliably identify complex substances such as beverages, foodstuffs and prescription drugs is important for both health safety and
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There has been a growing interest in the different applications of nanomaterials in the field of medicine. An article published in Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine showed the ways in which Laponite®, a synthetic clay made of nanomaterials, can be of use in clinical practice.   Current advances in technology have provided many opportunities to
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Exercise has been linked to improved cognition in aging adults, but what types of exercise are best?  Geriatric medicine researchers in Pamplona, Spain set out to explore the effects of various types of exercise on the aging brain.   The health benefits of regular exercise are widely celebrated, from reducing diabetes, heart disease, and obesity,
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A recent study suggests that vitamin D deficiency in renal transplant recipients is associated with excessive body fat, decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate, and increased proteinuria, but not the risk factors for cardiovascular disease.   Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin, is essential for strong bones, plays an important role in the regulation
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A collaborative team of biomedical engineering researchers have designed a metamaterial which is compact, flexible and easy to integrate into clinical MRI scanners. The metamaterial improves MRI functions, leading to greater sensitivity and images with higher signal-to-noise ratios.   Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is one of the most common and useful medical imaging modalities used
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How to Loosen Tight Hip Muscles Sitting is a primary culprit in tight hips and thighs because the muscles are rarely extended (although they may also become tight from working out). To lengthen and strengthen these muscles, try this move created by Suzanne Bowen, creator of BarreAmped, an internationally taught barre technique chosen by Fitness
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A recent study explored the antibacterial effects of modified forms of vancomycin on antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The results suggest C1-aminomethylene vancomycin may be an effective agent against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other antibiotic-resistant bacteria.   The ability of bacterial strains to acquire resistance to antibiotics faster than antibacterial therapies can be developed is of growing
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A Chinese study suggests cancer risk is directly associated with the dietary inflammation index of the food one consumes. Foods that are anti-inflammatory seem to lower the risk of breast cancer; perhaps, preventive measure for cancer may be at the grocery store rather than the pharmacy.   The body’s immune system flings into action when
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Consider how many people you can recognize, including friends, family, celebrities, or just a face you associate with a certain event or memory. Prosopagnosia, or the inability to recognize faces, is a condition caused by damage to brain regions used for facial recognition. The exact processes involved in facial coding are
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Moles on the skin are a known risk factor for melanoma. A recent study of young teenagers examined risk factors associated with having mole-prone skin in late adolescence.   Melanoma, a type of skin cancer, causes mortality and continues to become more prevalent. Having pigmented moles in adulthood is a strong risk factor for melanoma.
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Researchers conducted an observational study to determine the effectiveness of various antipsychotic treatment strategies for schizophrenia. They found that injectable antipsychotics and clozapine were the most effective treatments.   Large scale randomized clinical trials are considered the gold standard in clinical research because they ensure that all variables are accounted for and there are no
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A recent systematic review and meta-analysis revealed a lack of association between incretin based drugs and mortality in patients with type II diabetes.   Type II diabetes mellitus is characterized by a lack of insulin sensitivity and elevated blood sugar. Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Current
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Implementing clinical breast examinations may help with breast cancer diagnosis at an early stage or provide awareness of breast health in low to middle income countries.   The lack of symptoms associated with breast cancer make screenings essential. Though mammograms are used to detect abnormalities in the breast, but they are impractical or unavailable in
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Researchers recently discovered that alcohol consumption, even in moderate amounts, causes a decline in brain volume and cognitive ability. This disproves the myth that alcohol can actually have a protective effect if consumed in moderation. The implications of this research are immense considering alcohol’s global ubiquity.   Alcohol is the only societally-condoned drug that dangerously
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A recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine investigates the use of cannabidiol for treating drug resistant seizures in patients with Dravet syndrome.   Dravet syndrome is a rare form of epilepsy which presents in infancy with severe seizures that are often unresponsive to treatment. Cannabidiol use to treat seizures in Dravet
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Polymeric micelles are an important class of targeted drug delivery systems that act as carriers of chemotherapeutic agents. A recent review summarized the research being carried out in the development and use of polymeric micelles and micelle-forming drug-polymer conjugates for cancer therapy.   A common problem in cancer treatment is the untargeted delivery of highly
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Parent-based treatment (PBT) programs and family-based treatment (FBT) programs are  similarly effective for child weight loss. Moreover, PBT is also effective for parent weight loss and energy intake, in addition to improving physical activity for both child and parent.   Since one-third of American children are classified as obese or overweight, effective treatment programs are
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