Month: June 2017

Vaccine concept Influenza virus infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of hospitalization and illness when compared to non-pregnant women. Year-round vaccination during pregnancy may decrease the associated morbidities in mothers and their infants, and may have better overall efficacy than seasonal vaccinations.   Each year many people worldwide are infected with the influenza virus,
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Researchers out of France and Monaco recently finished one of the longest and largest studies on Alzheimer’s disease. The study focused on using multidomain lifestyle intervention with Omega 3 supplementation for Alzheimer’s patients. The results, unfortunately, were insignificant, but do provide swaths of new data and show potential for new treatment approaches that are less
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The World Health Organization estimates that 3.3 million deaths worldwide are caused by alcohol use. Drinking alcohol can also lead to serious health complications such as liver disease and cancer. The most severe form of alcohol use is referred to as alcohol dependence (AD) and is considered to be a chronic disease.   At present,
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Early administration of early supplemental parenteral feeding is proven to be harmful in patients admitted to intensive care units. A study published in The Lancet explored which macronutrient component of early parenteral feeding is responsible for causing harm.   Critically ill children who are admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) often receive supplemental
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A research group in Norway investigated if Vitamin D levels in pregnancy had an effect on newborn anthropometric measures and found no association.   An association between newborn anthropometric measurements and chronic diseases such as type-2 diabetes or cardiovascular diseases has been reported. Birth weight and body composition of the newborn also vary substantially among
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A phase two randomized controlled trial determined the role of immune plasma in treating patients diagnosed with severe influenza and exhibiting respiratory compromise.   A pandemic influenza outbreak is a serious international concern. Immediate containment of the disease is necessary, along with fast implementation of preventative measures. Plasma treatment has been identified as a solution
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Muscle fatigue is a common outcome of intensive exercise regimes, and can ultimately lead to muscle damage. This occurs when the body produces increased levels of reactive oxygen species, leading to oxidative stress. A recent study demonstrated that green tea and sour tea supplements, which have proven antioxidant properties, can reduce oxidative stress in male
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As demographics change in developed countries, a plethora of research is being done to better understand aging. The majority of research looks at how we can slow or (at least) improve the mental and physiological conditions of this inevitable process. Virtual reality is an exciting opportunity for older adults to escape their physical and mental
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A team from the UK used data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to apply an alternative approach to the study of child language development. Quantile Analysis revealed that the association between factors such as poverty, early reading and TV and the outcome of language development is not equal across the population.   Language development
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A multigenerational community-based clinical trial links the risk of high blood pressure in individuals to early onset hypertension in their parents. Blood pressure measurements collected from serial examinations were used to determine the genetic relation of early onset hypertension to risk cardiovascular death.   The relevance of genetic factors is increasingly recognized as an important
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As an inhibitor of an inflammatory protein associated with the development of psoriasis, adalimumab shows promise as a therapy for pediatric patients with severe plaque psoriasis. Adalimumab treatment for 16 weeks in children and adolescents with severe plaque psoriasis provides significant improvements compared to methotrexate.   Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by scales
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A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association investigated the postmarket safety events of novel therapeutic agents approved by the Food and Drug Administration between 2001 and 2010.   It costs approximately one to two billion dollars to get a novel therapeutic agent from the drug discovery stage, through development, and eventually
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Many adults depend on their parents to provide childcare. Adesman and colleagues found that many grandparents are unaware of updated childcare guidelines, and these caretakers must be educated in order to keep children safe.  Many families depend on grandparents to take care of children while parents are at work. Oftentimes grandparents
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Within the health community, the use of medical marijuana is controversial.  Recently, a German-Israeli research team found evidence that small, controlled amounts of the active ingredient in marijuana, THC, improved cognitive function and memory in older mice.   Dementia is a general term used to describe cognitive decline in older people caused by damage to
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As advances have been made in anesthetic and surgical techniques, patient outcomes following hip arthroplasties (hip replacements) have greatly improved. With these developments, formal physical therapy may no longer be necessary for patients, and self-directed therapy may be sufficient.   Total hip arthroplasty (total hip replacement) has undergone drastic advancements over the years that may
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Depressive disorders can develop during or after pregnancy, and studies have shown that they increase risk of maternal suicide and complications such as low birthweight and infant malnutrition. A recent study published in the Lancet Psychiatry identified clinical differences in perinatal depressive symptoms based on symptom type, severity, and timing of onset.   According to
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Music therapy is a promising tool in the treatment of Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. A new course offered by Ithaca College and a student organization provide music therapy to local nursing home residents. With so much enthusiasm for the course and organization, Ithaca College may start offering a Music as Medicine major or minor.
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Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of existing studies to determine whether owning a pet is associated with various developmental outcomes. They found that overall, the relationship between pet companionship and a child’s development may be positively correlated; however, due to weaknesses in methodology, the results should be applied with caution.   Childhood and adolescence are crucial
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