The pattern of food avoidance and restriction is cause for concern and researchers have begun to investigate ARFID among several types of patients. Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is becoming more prevalent. With the introduction of ARFID, there is an increased need to understand the prevalence and patterns of food avoidance and restriction in adults.
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A recent study examines hospital readmission risks to determine if they are affected by patient demographics or hospital quality. Hospital readmission risks are high for certain diseases and can vary greatly from hospital to hospital. The causes for the readmissions can either be due to various patient factors or due to the events at the
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Researchers studied the trends in suicide attempts over the past 15 years and discovered that the greatest risk is found in younger adults with a history of psychiatric disorders. Preventing suicide is a public health and research priority. Suicide attempts are the most powerful known risk factor for completed suicide.  In fact, approximately 18% of
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Researchers sought to characterize neurological disorders associated with anti-programmed death antibodies for the treatment of metastatic cancers. One method a tumour may escape destruction by the immune system is to affect the cells that would otherwise destroy it.  For the body to distinguish its own normally-functioning cells from abnormal cells and invaders, normal cells display
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Researchers studied whether nipple-sparing mastectomy was a safe surgical procedure for breast cancer prevention in women with BRCA gene mutations who are at high risk of developing breast cancer. There are many different risks for breast cancer, but one important factor is a family history of the disease. Researchers have discovered that in some families
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Researchers studied whether complete blood cell count (CBC) tests are accurate in identifying invasive bacterial infections in babies under two months old. Babies with fevers are often seen in hospital emergency departments to check whether they have serious bacterial infections such as urinary tract infection, bacteremia (blood infection), or bacterial meningitis (infection of the membranes
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A recent study examines whether happy music helps creativity during problem-solving by comparing four types of musical selections. Divergent and Convergent Thinking Divergent and convergent thinking are two poles on a spectrum of cognitive approaches to problems. On the divergent end, there is a problem and the thinker seeks to generate multiple solutions. Activities that
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Two trials studied the effects of hormone replacement therapy in post-menopausal women to determine any effects on all-cause mortality and mortality from heart disease or cancer. The United States National Institutes of Health launched the Women’s Health Initiative in 1991 to understand the causes of heart disease, breast and colorectal cancer, and osteoporotic fractures in
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Researchers determine whether lenalidomide is an effective maintenance therapy for leukemia patients. The first-line treatment for patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is typically chemoimmunotherapy. Patients with a high risk of early disease progression are those with higher levels of residual disease after chemoimmunotherapy and/or those with specific genetic markers. For these patients, maintenance
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Researchers conducted a review of previous research to determine the effects of dragon fruit in diabetes management. Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are diagnosed using blood sugar levels. A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood sugar levels after approximately eight hours without eating. The two hours post-prandial glucose (2HPP) test measures blood sugar levels
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Researchers determine whether medications for panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder increase the risk of adverse outcomes during pregnancy. Panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are not uncommon during pregnancy, with up to 5% and 10% of pregnant women experiencing panic disorder and GAD respectively. Based on registry studies, these disorders have been associated
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Scientists have developed a computer capable of determining the lowest energy state of three compounds; bring them closer to using quantum computers for the discovery and development of new drugs. The advent of powerful computers has allowed for substantial progress in fields like statistics, bioinformatics, and medicine. However, classical computers are limited in their progressing
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Recent studies determine whether public smoking bans decrease the amount of children being admitted to the hospital for lower respiratory tract infections. Smoking has a direct impact on the respiratory system. The toxins and carcinogens found in cigarettes travel along the respiratory tract and can lead to both benign and malignant diseases at any point
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A recent study determined whether there is a relationship between childhood obesity and risk of stroke in adulthood. Childhood obesity is a rising health concern that has reached epidemic proportions throughout the world. Obese children have a high risk of developing health problems as adults. One of the major health concerns related to childhood obesity
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A team of American researchers may have identified a drug that can do it all – reversing diabetes and obesity all while helping us build stronger bones. Common diabetes treatments often leave patients prone to bone fractures and osteoporosis. This is because many diabetes medications often have a negative side effect: they block our body’s
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Researchers investigate genetic risk factors to determine whether women are more likely to inherit type 2 diabetes and whether it is transmitted equally by both parents. Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes. Although lifestyle factors such as hypertension, diet and excess weight can increase risk, this condition can also be passed
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A new study reports that bacterial mutation rates are significantly higher under crowded conditions and offers insights which could help develop methods to counter antibiotic resistance. Mutations, or changes in the DNA sequence, create genetic variations which can be beneficial or deleterious and are essential for the evolution of organisms. In fact, genetic mutations are
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A recent meta-analysis investigates whether sex, age, and a particular genotype are associated with a greater risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative condition, characterized by cognitive deficits in memory, thinking, and behaviour. Research has shown that different environmental, genetic, and socioeconomic cues can increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s
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Iron-deficiency anemia affects millions of people around the world. Although iron-deficiency anemia is usually easily treated, it may cause impaired neurodevelopment in young children if left untreated. American researchers, therefore, determined whether ferrous sulfate can effectively resolve iron-deficiency anemia in children. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) occurs when the body’s iron stores become diminished. This leads to
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